Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) And Herpes Simplex Virus

930 WordsMay 12, 20164 Pages
In present day society, a silent pandemic affects countless humans. These diseases are known as sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). STDs typically spread without warning and once the diseases are contracted, it is impossible to eliminate even with assistance from advance modern medicine. In particular, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and herpes simplex virus (HSV) are notorious for their capability to end a person’s way of life. These viral maladies are noted for their differences concerning methods of transmission in the body, distinct lack of prominent symptoms, and dissimilar treatments used on patients to ease the symptoms. HIV and HSV are both classified as sexually transmitted diseases, yet they are inherently different at the molecular level, thus requiring different methods of transmission through the body. For instance, HSV is a double stranded DNA (dsDNA) virus. The herpes virus attacks the stratified squamous epithelium, the thin layer of tissue, of the mouth, vagina, and the rectum. In order to infect more epithelial cells, HSV deceives the host cell into reproducing the proteins and viral DNA necessary for the HSV to replicate more of itself. Lastly, the virus recedes to the nerve cells where the virus becomes latent until it is reactivated causing more outbreaks (“Herpesvirus Infections” 520). HIV, on the other hand, is a single stranded RNA retrovirus. HIV attacks the immune cells (helper T lymphocytes) and macrophages—functions to rid harmful substances

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