Human Motivation and Mangement Skills

1616 Words Feb 19th, 2018 6 Pages
In an attempt to identify successful approaches to management, theorists and social psychologists have expounded theories on human motivation and skills. Social psychologist Douglas McGregor set forth two contrasting theories on human motivation and management in the 1960’s: Theory X and the Theory Y. McGregor promoted Theory Y as the basis of good management practice, pioneering the argument that workers are not merely pawns in the company, as his Theory X type organizations seemed to believe (Cronkhite,2007). Both theories look at how a manager’s perceptions of what motivates his or her team members affect the way he or she behaves allowing one to adapt their approach. McGregor’s Theories X and Y Many people get the satisfaction from their work and take great pride in it; while others may view it as a burden or simply a means to survive. In attempts to identify successful approaches to management, social psychologist Douglas McGregor expounded two contrasting theories on human motivation and management know as Theory X and Theory Y. Promoting Theory Y as the basis of good management practice, and with personal views that workers are not mere pawns within the companies’ hierarchy structure as Theory X suggested. The theories look at how a manager’s perceptions of what motivates his or her team members also affect the way he or she…