Human Nature, By Jean Jacques Rousseau And Thomas Hobbes

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The notion of human nature has always been historically debated. Explores, philosophers, and writers have always come to argue on what is considered to be barbarism, savagery, and civilized. These constructed categories have put a label on people who do not share the same ideas as one another. These different views of human nature have come to propel change and have come to revolutionized human history. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Michel de Montaigne, and Thomas Hobbes all differ on their ideas of human nature, but they also share common ground. For some of these men the practices of different cultures are categorized as savagery, and for others it has been viewed as noble savagery. Their ideas however have allowed society to view different perspectives of human nature. These perspectives have classified human nature as a way of life, or as an obstacle to what is consider to be the good life. Their ethnographic resources provide a glimpse to all the different cultures and their value to society and history. Cannibalism in many Western societies is usually frown upon or illegal; however, for a tribe located in Antarctic France which is now known as Brazil, cannibalism is considered to be a norm. For many Western thinkers this cultural practice of cannibalism would be an act of savagery, but for Michel de Montaigne this cultural practice is categorized as noble savagery. Montaigne reverses the egocentric belief in the superiority of western culture in his work “Of Cannibals.” His
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