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Human Papilloma Virus ( Hpv )

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Human papilloma virus (HPV) is a virus that can cause both cervical cancer and/or genital warts. In most cases of HPV there are no symptoms and individuals are unaware that they have the virus (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], n.d.). It can be spread through vaginal, anal and oral intercourse and is the most common STI (CDC, n.d.). In 2006 a vaccine was approved to protect against the types of HPV associated with the majority of cervical cancer and genital warts (Gardasil, 2014). I have found through my clinical experience that many parents are unsure if their child should receive the HPV vaccination. There are many factors including baseline knowledge, safety, effectiveness, cost, values/beliefs
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It is easily identified that this material was published by the Immunization Action Coalition who adapted it from a publication by the Michigan Department of Community Health, Division of Immunization. The Immunization Action Coalition is an organization that combines information and resources from different individuals and groups to provide information to individuals, parents and professionals with a goal of increasing immunization rates (Immunization Action Coalition, n.d.). The factual information provided in the material was obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) and an article from The Journal of Infectious Disease titled “Reduction in human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence among young women following HPV vaccine introduction in the United States”. These resources are respected in the medical community and have a reputation of providing accurate information. The CDC obtains its information related to diseases from the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Program which is a surveillance system used to collect data (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2012). This data is then assessed and utilized in assessment, research, intervention and policy development related to disease prevention (CDC, 2012). The ACOG is a professional organization which provides continuous up to date evidence based information related to the areas of obstetrics and gynecology
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