Human Problems Of An Industrialized Civilization

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Elton Mayo was born in South Australia in 1880 and passed away in Guildford, Surrey in 1949. Elton was oriented to follow medicine but finally be a writer. He attained Bachelor degree with great honor, specializing philosophy and psychology and after that was granted Master degree by honor from University of Queensland. He used to play a role as a researcher and a psychologist as well on the committee serving the war at his university. Mayo dedicated a huge contribution to establishing the foundation for Human Relations Movement. His most popular researches were Hawthorne experiment and the book “Human problems of an industrialized civilization” in 1933 Mary Parker Follett and Elton Mayo are both recognized as among the inventors and…show more content…
Boje and Rosile (2001, 91-121) stated that Follett had shrunk the rigidity of scientific management. The same as Mary Follett, Elton Mayo with theories of human relations suggested that employees should attain their distinctiveness, steadiness and enjoyment which would give them willingness to collaborate and devote energy to achieve the common goal (Kaufman, 2001). From Mayo’s viewpoint, his researches indicated that the integration other than the opposition was crucial, and each separate member should involve in teamwork rather than work by their own (Wren, 1985: 309-320). For Mary Follett, this declaration was the concern of human nature. Mayo has been recognized as a humanism theorist (Smith, 1998) whereas Follett has been commemorated as one of dominant theorists on humanity, a leader among revolutionary scholars. Motivation theories were the common thoughts during the early years of 20th century. The successful application of these theories helped management to produce very optimistic outcomes. However, one of the devotion from Mary Parker Follett argued for more focusing on human relationship rather than only on incentive schemes. George Elton Mayo noted, supported and developed this Mary’s theory. He realized that the interest and attention of higher levels to their subordinates would put an incentive effect. He conducted an experiment called Hawthorne Effect which gave the result that workers have mental want to be a part of the working group, to be cared for
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