Human Properties And Qualities Of A Substance

830 Words Aug 4th, 2015 4 Pages
Descartes explains “substance” as being something that exists by itself, as it does not require anything for its existence. With substance he also talks about “modes” being another element that exists for various things. Modes are what he considers the physical properties and qualities of a substance. An example of what modes are can be imagined by thinking of the color, the texture, or the size of a red ball, as these features are what Descartes would consider modes of the ball (substance). With knowing what substance is, Descartes further distinguishes infinite and finite substance, along with perfect and imperfect substances. Asking the question of what is a substance, Descartes claims that god is a substance because god exists without requiring anything. Next considering that god exists, anything which god creates can also be a substance because, as god is a substance, his creation is also a substance, however, with a lesser degree of existence making it both finite and imperfect because they required god. Understanding what substance is, it is important to note, that Descartes considers god, the mind, and body as the only three substances that exist. 1

The mind and body for Descartes are two forms of substances that he distinguishes as being separate from one another in operations. Descartes theory for this comes from his isolation from everything he has known including his physical body. Keeping in mind that everything is an illusion, Descartes tells himself if he is…
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