Human Relationships With Considerations Of The Implications For Attachment Theory

1594 Words7 Pages
Discussion: The role of culture in human relationships with considerations of the implications for attachment theory. Bowbly (1959) explains the child’s emotional regulation and attachment to the primary caretaker, as a result of the caretaker’s continues responsiveness and a strategy of the child to keep the primary caretaker close to ensure survival during evolutionary times. It adapts to fit into the appropriate evolutionary niche. This internal working model creates the four main types of attachment: the insecure-avoidant (A) attachment, most prominently the secure (B) attachment, and insecure-ambivalent (C) attachment or in rare cases a disorganizes (D) attachment, which are measured with the Strange Situation Protocol, which assesses the infant’s explorative behaviour when the mother leaves the room, the distress and stranger anxiety when the mother was not present and the behaviour of the infant when the mother returns (Ainsworth, 1969). Van IJzendoorn and Sagi-Schwarz (2008) claim with their four hypotheses that attachment to at least one caregiver is universal, the secure attachment is the norm, that attachment patterns are a result of the primary caregivers prompt and sensitive response and lastly, that attachment security will lead the child’s competence to regulate their own emotions, develop cognitive abilities and establish satisfactory relationships. Culture is a string indicator of the how the self relates to others. This strongly affects communal values,
Get Access