Human Resource Management And The Bureaucratic Era

1222 Words Sep 12th, 2015 5 Pages
Human Resource Management is a vital function in any organisation and operates in legal and social environments that are becoming increasingly complex. It is defined as the process and practice of managing and advising executives on staff recruitment, selection, retention and development (Clegg, Kornberger & Pitsis 2011). In the post-bureaucratic era, these management styles have altered to cater towards satisfying employees through intrinsic rewards by providing pride, relationships, meaning and a sense of accomplishment through their work (Clegg, Josserand & Teo 2006). Throughout this essay, the evolution of human resource management from the bureaucratic era’s ‘hard theories’ to the post-bureaucratic era’s ‘soft theories’ will be explored and analysed. The system of bureaucracy is referred to as a categorised hierarchy of knowledge and expertise where rules are arranged both in parallel and hierarchically (Clegg, Kornberger & Pitsis 2011). Moreover, the drastic changes in human resource management from the bureaucratic era to the post-bureaucratic era will explicitly be examined through notions of Taylorism, Human Relations Movement, the ‘Hawthorne effect’ and ‘stickiness of identity’ and their effect on the fusion of ‘soft’ and ‘hard’ theories from both era’s. Through this amalgamation, employers’ and employees’ values, beliefs, attitudes and behaviours have altered over time, ultimately resulting in how human resource management is practiced today.

The bureaucratic era…
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