Human Resource Management

2360 Words Aug 28th, 2012 10 Pages
Human Resource Management |
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* Historical perspective of Human Resource Management – From personnel management to Human Resources Management
* Human Resource Management and Social Justice for Welfarism
* Human Resource Management and Bureaucracy
* Human Resource Management and Union-Negotiation
* Human Resource Management and Organization
* Human Resource Management Perspective

A) Historical perspective of Human Resource Management – From personnel management to Human Resources Management
Human resource management has changed in name various times throughout history. The name change was mainly due to the change in social and economic activities throughout history.
Torrington et al identify six main
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Human resource management is the basis of all management activity. Management is about effective utilization of the organization’s people to make things happen in a productive and efficient way so that the organization prospers and the people thrive.
Managing people is a complicated field of activity which requires the application of a wide range of knowledge and skill. It is a well known fact that committed employees are key factors in a company’s development and economic success. Torrington (2005) proposed the following evolutionary stages for the development of human resource management:
* Social Justice: In the late 19th and 20th century, some large employers began to appoint welfare officers to manage new initiatives designed to make life less harsh for their employees. The results were higher productivity, improved retention of the work force and a bigger pool of applicants for each job. The more obvious welfare initiatives promoted by employers today include employee assistance schemes, child care facilities and health screening programmes.
* Human bureaucracy: This marked the beginning of a move away from a sole focus on welfare towards meeting various other organizational objectives.

C) Human Resource Management and Bureaucracy
Two contrasting human resource management models, bureaucratic and strategic, are represented by polar configurations of the…

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