Human Resource Planning Essay

1303 Words 6 Pages
When most people think of Human Resource Planning, the first thing that usually comes to mind is the internal environment of the organization. There is, however; the external environment which is just as important. The external environment consists of governmental policies, condition of the economy, demographics, technology, international influences, competitors, and a changing labor force (Greer, Peters & Youngblood, 1998). Neglecting the external environment can have devastating effects on an organization. Entire civilizations have vanished for failing to address external environmental factors and the need to adapt in an ever-changing environment. You may ask what extinct cultures have to do with HR planning and the external environment? …show more content…
Environmental scanning consists of six phases. The first phase is to figure out which elements of the external environment to analyze and being able to report findings. The second phase is to compile data and deciding what data is used. The third phase is to map out trends from the data collected. Trending makes the data easier to analyze and read. The fourth phase is to try and figure out what effects the trends will have on the organization. The fifth phase is to figure out which issues are the most relevant. The sixth phase is to ascertain which relevant issues are the most important. If used correctly, environmental scanning can be instrumental in HR planning (Greer, Peters & Youngblood, 1998).
Changing Demographics
Demographics are one of the most important elements in the workforce. Immigration, age, and a declining birthrate have negatively affected the ability to fill positions. A smaller, younger workforce has incited many companies to seek out ways to retain the aging baby boomer segment. As these baby boomers retire, it is imperative to ensure younger workers are mentored so the knowledge of the older workers is not lost.
Diversity in the labor pool is also another important factor to consider in HR planning. As baby boomers retire, the labor pool of skilled workers shrinks more and more. Unfortunately, HR managers are not doing enough to tap into the ever-growing labor pool of skilled immigrant workers. In order to…