Human Rights And Bill Of Rights

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Define and describe the concept of Human Rights and Bill of Rights Human rights are held by all people equally and universally from the time they are born until the day they die. You cannot lose these rights any more than you can cease being human. In claiming these rights, everyone also accepts the responsibility not to infringe on the rights of others and to support those whose rights are abused or denied. These rights are enshrined in the United Nations’ Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Bill of Rights are one way of protecting human rights. Generally they set out the rights of individuals and the responsibilities of governments, they are involved with keeping a balance between an individual’s rights and the responsibilities of the government to provide a safe and secure society. How are Human Rights in Australia currently protected? Currently rights are found in; The Constitution, Common Law, Legislation and Acts passed by the Commonwealth Parliament or State or Territory Parliaments. The Australian Constitution protects only 5 explicit individual’s rights: 1. The right to vote (Section 41) 2. Protection against the gain of property on unjust terms (Section 51) 3. Trial by Jury (Section 80) 4. Freedom of religion (Section 116) 5. Prohibition of discrimination on the basis of state of residency (Section 117) Common Law protects rights because The Australian Common Law was inherited from the United Kingdom, the UK law includes the Magna Carta of 1215, which
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