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Human Rights During The Enlightenment Era

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The Enlightenment era was a significant time period in which many advancements were made in the understanding of science, philosophy, and the first introduction to human rights. Many philosophers such as Thomas Hobbes and John Locke wrote articles regarding the role of an individual and the role they play in society. They also elaborated on how the government is supposed to respect and honor these inalienable human rights attained during birth. The ideas that were presented during this time period have continued to have an impact in today’s society and provide an understanding of how humans around the world, regardless of gender, race, social status, and religion, deserve to be treated. Female genital mutilation is a human rights issue that…show more content…
According to the Center for Reproductive Rights, “the right to be free from gender discrimination is guaranteed in numerous international human rights instruments.” Article 1 of the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women has a broad view on the discrimination of women and defines it as, “any distinction, exclusion, or restriction made on the basis of sex which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment, or exercise by women, irrespective of their marital status, on a basis of equality of men and women, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil, or any other field. ” Women that undergo FGM are victims of discrimination based on their sex and because of this discrimination their fundamental rights and liberties are being impacted. The ultimate goal of FGM is to control a women’s sexuality and make sure that their image in society is pure . Women are treated with little to no respect within their cultures and then expected to undergo harmful practices such as FGM, this is not acceptable for the world we live in today. “Female genital mutilation is aimed at controlling women’s sexuality and it incorporates a fundamental discriminatory belief in the subordinate role of women and girls in society, ” this practice has the potential to terminate a woman’s…show more content…
Individuals are entitled to enjoy “the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, ” and FGM takes away a woman’s right to this according to Article 12 of the Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights Covenant. The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women committee has recommended that governments devise health policies that focus on the need of girls and adolescents who have to be subjected to practices like FGM that are significant parts of their culture . It is very important to realize that groups like CEDAW work very hard to combat issues like FGM, but it is difficult when they are fighting against generation old practices. Female genital has many health consequences that come from complications with the procedure. These consequences are not only physical, but psychological as well. FGM most commonly takes place in remote, rural areas by “traditional practitioners” or midwives who have never had formal training. The midwives will often use knives, razors, or broken glass that are not sterile to cut the young girls. Not only with the materials be unsterile, but the procedure is usually performed in unsanitary conditions . Short term complications from the procedure include excessive bleeding, genital tissue swelling, infections, HIV, urination problems, impaired wound healing, and even death. These 8 possible complications are inflicted on young girls and
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