Human Rights in Pakistan

6749 Words Mar 5th, 2011 27 Pages
Hamdard University

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Hamdard institute of education and social sciences

Course title
EMERGING ISSUES IN EDUCation

Assignment title
Human Rights ---- Children rights

prepared by madiha abbas

INTRODUCTION

"Maybe we're all born knowing we have rights - we just need to be reminded”
--- Romanian HRE trainer

Human Rights can be defined as those basic standards without which people cannot live in dignity as human beings. Human rights are the foundation of freedom, justice and peace. Their respect allows the individual and the community to fully develop. They are "rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled". Human rights are certain moral guarantees that people in all countries and cultures allegedly have simply because
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When we say that each person has human rights, we are also saying that each person has responsibilities to respect the human rights of others.

Historical origins and development of the theory and practice of human rights

The concept of human rights can be found as far back in time as the age of the Greek philosophers Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. Their writings on the idea of natural law contain many of the same principles that are associated with human rights.

"If civilization is to survive, we must cultivate the science of human relationships - the ability of all peoples, of all kinds, to live together, in the same world at peace."
--- Franklin D. Roosevelt

The Magna Carta (1215) is considered a milestone in the history of human rights and several great thinkers such as Grotius, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau and Kant talk about the concept.

Some religious texts also are said to reflect the principles of human rights. The Rig Veda promotes conduct that is based on equality. Even certain Bible passages have similar content. For instance, in the Old Testament, when the midwives of Pharoah disobey his order to kill all male babies, they do so, on the basis of higher and more fundamental laws that they felt bound to follow.

The American and French declarations of independence in the 18th century were important in promoting human rights that were universal, individual and rational. In the 19th century, the abolition of slavery and increased debate over freedom from

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