Essay about Human Tissues in Medical Research

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We have known the amazing benefits of human tissue in medical research. These cells have helped with some of the most important advances in the sciences. They are used to develop vaccines for rabies, smallpox, and measles or used for radiation, drugs, cosmetics and viruses research which launched a million dollar industry [ Skloot, 316]. They have been used to find the cure for multibillion people, including most of us today. However, not that many people know where are these tissues come from or the stories of the “donors” who were desperate to protect their bodily rights and property rights. Most of the patients in the late 1950s have not been asked if they want to contribute their tissues to science, which has raised the debate over …show more content…
(2) Whether the people whose made the cells or the scientists who developed the cells into valuable products own the cells? This is a complex issue which no body of laws, policies or ethics applied directly. No U.S statutes or judicial precedents have specifically indicated the ownership over human tissues and cells.
The informed consent and the disclosure of potential cells that could be developed into a commercial product is to respect research subject’s autonomy. It's a way to ask whether they want to participate in the study. As technology progresses, the people who are affected by the researches increased. “ Because of the power of genetics, you can study these materials and find out secrets about a person and his or her relatives,” says Arthur L.Capian,director of the Center Bioethics at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia [Strauss, 190]. Science now has the ability to identify genes from a single cell, it was no longer using tissue scraps for experiments-it was that someone could uncover the research subjects’s genetic information and violate their privacy and their children’s privacy. In 1976, John Moore’s case doctor,David Golde has used his cell to develop, market and patent a cell line called MO. Patenting cell lines did not require informing or getting permission from the “donors” during that
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