Humanism and the Renaissance + Protestant Reformation = Scientific Revolution

3038 Words Feb 3rd, 2013 13 Pages
Humanism and the Renaissance + Protestant Reformation = Scientific Revolution

Kelly McCabe

CCM Summer Session III

Professor Pilant

Term Paper

CCM Summer Session III 2012

Early Modern European History

Term Paper

The later Middle Ages is characterized as a time of great transition and advancement, especially pertaining to areas of politics, economics, art and intellect. A new trend towards the pursuit of new knowledge and ideas first emerged in fifteenth century Renaissance Italy. This new area of intellect marks the emergence of humanism, which essentially came to be the defining characteristic leading up to the Scientific Revolution in the eighteenth
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Erasmus “insisted that the dialectic method of the academic theologians had produced a theological science that concentrated on trivial, abstruse questions of little or no real value to the needs of the church” (Nauert, 431).[vii] This argument became the basis for much of Erasmus’ highly esteemed, accredited work; he was “determined to defend [his] status as orthodox Catholic” (Nauert, 431).[viii] Soon, modern humanists greatest opposition was the church. Many criticized Erasmus, believing that he “lacked theological training and hence had neither a legal nor an intellectual right to speak and publish on questions involving theology and the Bible” (Nauert, 431).[ix] Until this point in my discussion thus far, not much opposition has been mentioned. It is very important and essential to note that this new topic of new knowledge created extreme amounts of tension, ultimately culminating in the Protestant Reformation.

At the same as scholars such as Erasmus, Bacon and Galileo emerged, “scholastic theologians arrogantly sat back and issued condemnations,” which greatly hindered the advancement of intellect (Nauert, 431).[x] Clearly established thus far was the recently renewed desire for new knowledge; in response, many new education establishments received great support and ideas began to circulate. In order for the continuing and pursuit of the ever evolving goals of humanists, there needed to be some change that would allow for this. This is one

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