It is said that humanistic psychology was developed upon the limitations of behaviourism. The humanistic approach is often referred to as the “third force” in psychology coming after psychoanalysis and behaviourism; it is an alternative approach to psychology (Maslow, 1968). It offered a more wholesome approach to psychology at the
1.1) INTRODUCTION Humanistic theories emerged in 1950s. We have two types of humanistic theories, the first one is Person-centred theory by Carl Rogers which is based on how people see them-selves in relation to their personal experience and the second theory is Self-actualisation by Abraham Maslow which is based on the needs that motivate people. In this paper both theories will be described in detail and also they will be evaluated.
several similarities, as Another exercise that client use is self-compassion. Self-compassion involves the client talking kindly whenever they have a sense of suffering. Self-compassion isn't specifically a tool for cognitive restructuring just like mindfulness, but has shown some effect. CBT goal is to change patterns of thinking or behavior. Humanistic therapy aims to help client develop a stronger, and healthier sense of self. It
The Humanistic perspective This perspective assumes that we all thrive for personality growth, through mental processes and behaviors.. This perspective is different in its methodology compare to the biological approach, and the psychodynamic approach. Both these perspectives assume that human beings are controlled by internal or external forces. There are deterministic in nature. The humanistic perspective, promotes free will, and people can be, whatever, they envision themselves. This perspective was influence by humanists such as Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow, who emphasizes on the importance of individual potentials.
While in college, Behavioral Psychology greatly intrigued Maslow but, soon found aspects he disagreed with. He found Behavioral and Psychoanalytic psychology only focused on the negative primitive aspects of humanity. Maslow argued that although humans can be cruel and negative there are also positive aspects of humanity such as compassion, kindness, empathy and many others. He felt that current schools of thought during his time watered down humanity made it seem simplistic and he wanted there to more positivity to add to the complexity that is humanity. Humanistic Psychology according to Shiraev (2015), “a value of orientation that holds a hopeful and constructive view of people and of their substantial capacity to be self-determining” (p. 389).
Psychotherapy itself comes in many forms, and is based on many different psychological models. Adlerian therapy on the growth model, Gestalt therapy integrates the body and mind, psychoanalytic therapy focuses on the first six years of life, Reality therapy teaches people to control the world around them, and Rational and Cognitive therapy, deals with the cognitive and moral state of the patient. Any one of these could be chosen as a treatment option, but for the purpose of this paper, I will focus on a form of Humanistic Therapy.
Abraham Maslow theorized the concept of self-actualization which is the term used to describe the state of self-fulfillment in which people realize their highest potentials in their own unique way. Maslow’s theory includes sublevels that must be achieved before reaching self-actualization. In this paper, I will explain how each of his previous levels have affected my life, and give an idea of when I may hope to achieve self-actualization. Self-actualization is the term that Abraham Maslow used to describe the state of self-fulfillment in which people realize their highest potentials in their own unique way. The personal reflections accommodate to my perspective of the Maslow’s Theory.
In a humanistic therapy approach or a person-centered psychoanalysis, the therapist’s center of attention is on the conscious of the client to show their awareness. In this environment, such as the therapist displays realism, acceptance and kindness, as an effort in helping the client to openly convey their feelings. These types of sessions allows for information to flow between the client and the therapist in a humanistic genuineness, realness, professional and no façade way. The idea is for the client to freely express their thought and feelings to the psychotherapists so that in return kindness and acceptance is
Humanistic perspective is a psychological perspective popularized by Carlo Rogers and Abraham Maslow that emphasizes the human capacity for choice and growth. This perspective offers a very positive viewpoint of human nature and potential. It suggests that we are each responsible for our own happiness and well-being as humans. “The humanistic approach emphasizes the personal worth of the individual, the centrality of human
It begins by studying the whole person, not only through the eyes of an observer, but through the eyes of the person performing the behavior. The humanistic approach is also called the phenomenological approach in some circumstances. In these cases, the personality is looked at from the view of a person’s individual subjective experience. This approach arose as a rebellion of sorts
Introduction I hereby will be focusing on Humanistic Perspectives by examining Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers’s theories. I will examine their theories, by starting with Carl Rogers’s theory then Abraham Maslow’s theory. I will also evaluate the human perspectives and apply Abraham Maslow’s theory to my own life.
Theoretical Perspective Humanistic Perspective The humanistic approach to psychology is an organization of different thoughts in which the interests of humans and their values and/or beliefs are of main importance (Schultz & Schultz, 2009). The term humanistic relays the notion that all human beings have the potential for growth and that no one is purposely bad or unworthy (Carver & Scheier, 2012). In contrast to psychoanalytical psychologists, humanistic psychologists tend to focus on the strengths of human behavior and not the aspects that make an individual’s
Last but not all, Humanistic approach sums up my personality a little more than psychodynamic does because it involves nature vs. nurture and that kind of sums it up just saying that. Environment and Heredity is kind of the main reasons of my attitudes and actions. In the article, Time-Limited Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, Briggs conducts different forms of psychotherapy techniques to prove whether things in an adolescent’s life effect different adolescents differently. His study was a success and proved that many adolescents have different interpretations on the same issue. He read them off different problems and wanted to see how they would interpret them. He used children in the age groups of 12-17 and it worked out.
Humanistic Research Paper Angela Jenkins HHS-310 Professor Uguyen 09/25/2017 Humanistic theory by Carl Rogers, is based on an ensemble of theories and methods largely having the origins in humanistic psychotherapy, but adapted to the specific of activity from the social work areas, the solving of the socio-human and collective problems and not only the individual problems. Regardless of the specific and nature of the object of intervention humanistic theory uses this unlimited and miraculous resource of the human or humane personality. This is the reason why its theories and methodologies operate with concepts like human being, soul, person, self, empathy, compactly, personal development, spirituality, humane personality, even when aims objectives at the family, organizational or community level. humanistic social work is, ultimately, the representation of the individual client as personality, soul, being, and moving in the background the representation as body or through elementary social relationships, as well as the representation of the collective client as a sympathetically interaction between persons with souls, personalities, as human beings. Humanistic traits like empathy and spirituality, through creativity, aesthetic sensibility, authentic faith, concern for truth, balanced personality will transmit and stimulate the development of the human/ humane features at the client’s level too, factually transmitting positive energy, happiness, aesthetic, intellectual, spiritual, and playful qualities. Also, thus contributing to its personal development, increasing the self-esteem, social consciousness, the capacity of initiative and social autonomy - fulfilling the true mission of the humanistic social work practice. So, humanistic work prioritizes the human personality as resource and operates with an empathetic professional personality concept that combines the human humane personality with the pragmatic positive personality. The focus of the humanistic curriculum is the goal is to train and cultivate the empathetic-professional personality, the ability to resonate to the sufferings and the human problems of customers and display qualities such as empathy, presence of spirit, the high level of
braham Harold Maslow (1908-1970), the 77th president of the American Psychological Association, was widely known for his Hierarchy of Needs, a theory of human needs that begins at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become active. The first section of the research paper explores Abraham Maslow’s early life: his childhood experience, his college study, and his academic career. The second section examines some of Abraham Maslow’s key publications, in order to acquire a comprehensive understanding of his theory. And lastly, Maslow’s contribution to the psychology field is discussed, as his works signified the advancement of 1960’s humanistic psychology and served as a complement to Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory and B.F. Skinner’s behaviorism.