Humanities’ Irrational and its Effects on a Utopian Society

1690 Words7 Pages
The human psyche is divided into rational and irrational drives. Courtesy of Sigmund Freud, it is divided into the id, ego, and super-ego. According to Freud, although the super-ego controls the other two to present ourselves in a rational state within society, the id often tends to be out of complete control by the conscious, making it an unconscious action. For Freud, it’s the recognition that the irrational is there, that it must be controlled to take over. Man’s aggressive nature does tend to overpower the mind, leading to irrational actions. Both Freud’s Civilization and its Discontents and Dostoyevsky’s Notes from Underground show how humans are controlled by their irrational drives and that, as a result, the attempts to create a…show more content…
The Reavers represent Freud’s mentioned id, or irrational and aggressive drives. Due to groups such as the Reavers and the Alliance, civilization trying to improve and create a perfect society will fail due to human’s inevitable ways of acting through their irrational psyche. A utopian society isn’t possible because of this and Freud suggests accepting such a reality with imperfections in its inhabitants. Underestimated are the “powerful forces or irrationalism… [which] would erupt with devastating fury in twentieth-century political life…extolling violence” (Perry 701-2).Those civilizations that attempt to create a utopian society create the illusion of civilization, the illusion that humans are, in fact, civilized.
Enter Dostoyevsky, an anti-government, anti-socialist thinker and writer who offers a strong theory on man’s irrational and failures to create a “Crystal Palace” society. Being exposed to violence, death, and government suppression through his life, Dostoyevsky was able to write a notable anti-utopian novel. Moving to the discussion of the rational versus irrational thoughts supported by Freud, rather than viewing humanity as being “innately good,” Dostoyevsky viewed humans “as being innately depraved, irrational, and rebellious” (Perry 682). Like Freud, Dostoyevsky opposed Enlightenment philosophies of rationality, and believed irrationality was a dominant
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