The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSS) was used to measure the clients level of self-esteem. The RSS is a 10 item scale that measures self-worth by evaluating both positive and negative feelings about the self. The scale
Low self-esteem has been an issues with many people since before the 1970’s. This issue has gradually picked up since the 70’s and has progressed 37% in the last 200
They were told an overview of the whole study so they may be prepared to answer the questions given to them. We then prompted the participants to fill out and sign a consent form to document and use their answers. Following the consent forms we seated the participants in front of the Television and played an hour of the movie, Ironman, Power Puff Girls, or Spiderman. Kayla’s participants watched Power Puff Girls, Micah’s participants watched Iron Man, and Cooper’s participants watch Spiderman. Following the movie, the participants were conducted an interview. They were questioned individually with identical sets of questions pertaining to the study. Cooper asked all his questions in a group setting compared to Micah who did it individually. Kayla wrote all the answers
The researcher made three attempts to contact potential participants. Interested participants provided consent through a written document sent via email, as well as verbally during the opening statement of the phone interview (see Appendix A).
This self-esteem scale (Rosenberg, 1965) includes 10 statements that are used to measure out self-satisfaction and self-esteem. Each item is scored on a Likert scale that ranges from 1 (strongly agree) to 4 (strongly disagree). The 10 statements are divided in half with the first five being positive self-esteem statements and the other five being negative self-esteem statements. The scores were totaled and ranged from 10-40 points. The higher the score was this indicated a high self-esteem and vice versa with a low score resulting in low self-esteem.
The questionnaire contains five positive Items about having self-value For instance “ I feel that I have a number of good qualities.” The remaining Five items express valueless stamens for example “I certainly feel useless at times. “The items on the self-esteem scale are scored on a 4 point Likert scale, the score of 1 being strongly disagree to the score of 4 being strongly agree. Scores are then calculated; higher scores reflect a higher self-esteem and lower scores reflect a lower self-esteem. In Sinclair et al. (2010) study he reported high internal consistency for the RSES in an American community sample (α = .91), and good convergent and divergent validity. Also in his study, he reported high consistency with Cronbach’s alpha of .89 which demonstrated reliability.
Wood et al. (2007) was of the view that adaptive humor styles would be positively related to psychological well-being, whereas maladaptive humor styles would be negatively related to psychological well-being. It was found that individuals expressing maladaptive humor styles reported higher levels of anxiety, depression and negative self-judgments and lower levels of self-esteem. Individuals expressing adaptive humor styles reported lower levels of anxiety, burnout and exhaustion and higher levels of self-esteem. According to Blau et al. (2010), adaptive humor seems to function as an emotion regulation mechanism that can facilitate well-being (Romero & Pescosolido, 2008).
The consent of the parents is essential since the students are under eighteen years of age and the student themselves should provide assent. They will be given the opportunity to retract their participation at any point during the experiment as a way to seek the free, informed, and ongoing consent. The participants will be given a short briefing about what the experiment consists of. Parents, teachers, school and ethics boards will get a full briefing. The students will get a full debriefing at the end of the experiment. The surveys will be kept anonymous. However, the group exercise will be conducted without anonymity so as to create a connection with the students. All information given by the test subjects in the exercise would remain confidential and would not be recorded to allow for the students to speak freely. The students will be linked to numbers which will not be identifiable to a name and only used for continuity and
It was further specified that the individuals should wear something that would impress someone or something not to impress. Participants came to the research lab, in an attractive or unattractive state, and thoroughly read and signed a consent form. The experimenter then informed the participant that if at any time they feel uncomfortable or do not want to proceed with the experiment that they could leave without any penalty. The initiator then asked the subject if they had any questions or concerns. The experimenter then took the clipboard with the consent form and asked the participant to please have a seat. The experimenter than went into the testing room, and then observed the current temperature of the room. It was also ensured that the clock and thermostat were covered. The experimenter then proceeded to the front of the lab to record the inside temperature, outside temperature, the individuals name and gender, date, and described their attire on a run sheet. The experimenter then led the individual to the testing room and explained that the purpose of the survey. The conductor stated that the purpose was to measure how the participant was feeling. It was then conveyed that once the survey was completed to exit the testing area and come to the front of the research lab. After the completion of the survey, a
A good way that people describe a society would have to be through satirical devices. Voltaire is one of those many authors that use humor through his book, Candide, in order to make fun of his society. This is satirical books depicts many different topics in a society. To begin with in the book Candide, the main character goes through a series of adventures and murders in order to preserve his love to Cunegonde. Then again Candide can’t go through all of this without his partner D.r Pangloss from the beginning of the book. Dr. Pangloss was a very intellectual man that tries to help Candide by spreading his wisdom through his journey. Except there where many cases in which his statements were unnecessary and doesn’t really help in solving
A study by Stokenberga (2008) was conducted to investigate the personality correlates of humor styles. Data was collected from 183 undergraduate students. The Revised NEO Personality Inventory (Costa & McCrae, 1992) was used for this purpose. On the basis of findings of previous studies, affiliative humor and self-enhancing humor were expected to correlate positively with extraversion and openness, and self-enhancing humor was expected to correlate negatively with neuroticism. Aggressive humor was expected to correlate negatively with agreeableness. Both the maladaptive humor styles, aggressive humor and self-defeating humor were expected to correlate positively with neuroticism and negatively with conscientiousness. Correlational analysis
The results of the participants will be only reviewed by the experimenter and the professor, Dr. Kris Vasquez. The surveys that is being provided to the participants will be anonymous for other viewers. The data will be anonymous for other viewers, besides the experimenter. Participants will be informed of this before taking the survey.
Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965) was used to determine a baseline measure of explicit self-esteem. This scale contains ten items that measure global self-worth using a 4-point Likert scale. Measuring both positive and negative feelings about the self, participants had selected ratings for each presented statement ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree which is used to measure global self-worth. Possible scored range from 0-30 with normal scores falling between 15 and 25.
Following the distribution of flyers in their psychology classes, students will be participating in the study during class time. They will be given a brief presentation on the purpose of the study along with some knowledge about the subject of the study. They will be told that it is anonymous and that they have the options to withdraw or not participate. They will then be given a hard copy of the scale, read the instructions, and look at the numerical scale first to see which options they have for ratings. Once the instructions are given, the researchers will ask the participants if they understand the instructions. Once it is indicated that all participants understand the study and the purpose of the study, the participants will be able to begin. The scale has 12 questions in which participants will have to choose on a 7 rate scale, ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree. Some of the questions are stated as “It helps to turn to my romantic pattern in times of need”, “I turn to my partner for many things, including comfort and reassurance”, “I do not often worry about being abandoned”, and “I usually discuss my problems and concerns with my
Self-Esteem Assessment. Participants completed a self-esteem questionnaire using Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965). Participants indicated their self-esteem level answering a 10-item forced-choice questions on a 4-point scale(0=strongly disagree to 3=strongly agree), with higher overall showing higher levels of self-esteem . all.” Higher scores indicated high levels of self-esteem.