Hungary, Nationalism, And Securitization

1355 Words Nov 28th, 2015 6 Pages
Hungary, Nationalism, & “Securitization” Deniz Genç, a socialist scientist, highlights the idea of “securitization” in response to migration in Europe. Genç says the result of securitization on migration has been that migrants are perceived by many sections of society as threats to their own survival. Ole Weaver, who coined the term securitization, says this form of security is “a practice, a specific way of framing an issue”. Weaver later is quoted defining securitization as “Taking an issue from the basket of normal politics and putting in into the basket of security”. This idea is one of the main reasons countries like Hungary have undertaken strict policies negating the movements of migrants in and around their respective borders. Securitization therefore must begin with a “speech act” for the issue to become securitized, or in other words, the general public should believe and accept that a normal political issue could ultimately become an existential threat to security and overall livelihood.
Hungary has been widely publicized and criticized for the actions and responses the country has taken regarding migrants. Hungary being an eastern bloc member of the EU has seen a growing number of Syrians and Afghans traveling to the country from Turkey and Greece through Macedonia and Serbia, eventually ending up on the border of Hungary. From January to July 2015, Frontex, an agency established in 2004 to manage the cooperation between national border guards…

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