Hurricane Katrina: The Most Destructive and Costly Disaster in the History of the USA

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Hurricane in Florida A hurricane is unlike the normal cyclones but is a severe tropical storm or cyclone that typically forms in the Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, the Eastern Pacific Ocean or the Caribbean Sea. It is usually accompanied by heavy thunderstorms and if in the northern hemisphere, counterclockwise wind circulations near the earth's surface (FEMA, 2013). One of the most significant natural disaster that hit the region was the Hurricane Katrina. Hurricane Katrina 11th named tropical storm by scientists, fourth hurricane, third major hurricane and first category 5 hurricane of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season. On the day of August 5, 2005 hurricane Katrina made a land fall as a category 1 hurricane north of Miami, Florida, as a category 3 storm on August 29 along the central gulf coast near Buras-triumph then Louisiana. The Katrina eventually destroyed the levee system that acted as a protection to New Orleans from Lake Pontchartrain as well as the Mississippi river (Stewart& Stacy, 2005). There was massive flooding experienced especially resulting from the water from the lake being swept into the cities. The coast of Mississippi and Alabama were heavily damaged resulting to Katrina being the most destructive and costly disaster in the history of the USA, the damage estimated at $100 billion. To prevent future destruction and loss of life, there is need to ensure there is a central command post in good time that would coordinate the search and rescue

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