Hw 1-Logic Essay

1468 Words Feb 14th, 2013 6 Pages
Philosophy 201—Practical Logic Loyola University New Orleans Ben Bayer Summer 2012

Homework #1
DUE: Tuesday, September 11th, (at 11:59pm, just before midnight)

Directions
For each of the listed fallacious arguments, select an answer to each of questions (a) and (b). For both (a) and (b), select ONE AND ONLY ONE answer from (i) through (vii). For most of the answers in (b) you will need to fill in the specified blanks with details from the argument to fully explain your answer. Please copy and paste the text of your answers for both (a) and (b) into your submission. For part (b) answers, type over the underscore, preferably in capital letters, to complete your answer.

Problems

1. A breadbox is
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But this premise is the very idea most in need of proof. It is especially controversial because__________________. xxv. Because a key concept, __________________, is implicitly redefined to make the conclusion come out as true. A more ordinary definition of that concept is something like __________________. xxvi. The premise, __________________, is false. We know this because __________________. xxvii. Because the conclusion is immediately restated through the use of words with identical meaning: __________________ means the same as __________________. xxviii. The idea most in need of proof , __________________, is being taken for granted as true, which we can tell because __________________.

3. The new oil pipeline will only cause a massive increase in noxious effluent. Therefore, we can conclude that it will result in an upswing in toxic pollution.

e. What is the specific name of the error or fallacy? xxix. Premises are not known to be true: at least one is false xxx. Begging the question: mere restatement xxxi. Begging the question: restatement through synonymy xxxii. Begging the question: circular reasoning xxxiii. Begging the question: implicit controversial premises xxxiv. Begging the question: arbitrary redefinition of terms xxxv. Begging the question: other

f. How do know that this fallacy is

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