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Hydatidosis

Satisfactory Essays
Human hydatidosis is a zoonotic infection caused by the larval stages of Echinococcus granulosus (taeniid tapeworm). Hydatidosis is recognized by long-term growth of hydatid cysts in the different organs (liver, spleen, lung, muscle, brain and etc.) of human and other intermediate hosts (1). Hydatidosis still remains a major public health problem in many parts of the world with pastoral communities, especially in regions of South America, East Africa, Eastern Europe, Russia, the Mediterranean littoral and Middle East, Central Asia and China (2). Treatment depends on stage, size, localization and complications of the cysts (3). Currently, four treatment modalities are in use for hydatid disease: chemotherapy, percutaneous aspiration, injection and reaspiration (PAIR) and surgery…show more content…
However whilst operating, prevention of leakage or spillage of protoscolices into the peritoneal cavity and wound edges is very important (7). Spillage of a protoscolices can cause recurrence or secondary infection that occurs in approximately 10% (8.5–22.0%) of the postoperative cases (8). In addition, it can cause anaphylactic shock that is a life-treating situation in hydatidosis surgery (9). Therefore, the use of a scolicidal agent with high effectiveness and low side effect is necessary during and after surgery.
This literature review aims to provide an overview of the efficacy of plant medicines that were developed and used for inactivation of the cyst content intraoperative. This paper presents the first critical review of literature on the use of plant medicines in surgery of the hydatidosis. The review begins with an introduction about the importance of plants and their products on hydatid cyst surgery and then an outline of the search strategy. Next in results and discussion, we provide an overview of the plants characteristics and a summary of their impact against Echinococcus granulosus
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