Hydro and Biomass Energy: China’s Future Energy Sustainability

2637 Words 11 Pages
Introduction
It is the imperative of each country to supply its own citizens with water, food, energy, and good infrastructure. If a country wants to improve its own economic and political situations in the world, it should, first of all, advance the citizen’s level of living, because the main value of any country is the countries’ civilians. Therefore, one of the majority factors which could enhance life expectancy, wealth, and medical services, by the fact itself improves industrial and economic situations of a country is energy sustainability. According to recent statistics from the Central Intelligence Agency (2010), there are about 1.33 billion people live in China and all these people should be supplied by energy. Currently, there
…show more content…
In addition, these types of energy producing have much fewer emissions of CO2 than coal-burning, which could significantly enhance the environmental situation in the country. Firstly, this essay will describe the roles and the meanings of biomass energy and hydro energy functions in China; secondly, it will compare hydro energy and biomass energy functions using the criteria of availability of resources and ecological effects; and finally, it will suggest that the hydropower is the most suitable for future development of China.

The Role of Biomass in China
As mentioned before, China is the World’s leader in biomass energy production and its consumption. Biomass energy can be defined as an energy that obtains from organic matters, such as crop residues, firewood, foul, industrial and bio wastes (Zhang et al. 2007, 440). To attain this energy there is a great deal of distinct types of contraction biomass energy: direct burning, co-firing, biomass gasification, repowering, and other types (How Biomass Energy Works 2010). The easiest and common way of converting the organic matters to the energy is the direct burning: biomass should be burned to produce steam; consequently this steam runs turbines which generate electricity (ibid.). Another widespread example of bio energy is biomass gasification – a production of syngas by combination of a heated biomass and oxygen under the pressure, which could easily produce electricity by transforming it into…