Hypertension 101: High Blood Pressure

555 Words3 Pages
Hypertension 101 is another article in a series on high blood pressure. For a complete list of hypertension symptoms, see the article 'High Blood Pressure Symptoms.' A hypertension treatment is also covered in other articles in this series.

Hypertension is the medical term used to describe high blood pressure. The two terms are often used interchangeably, but typically, the term 'high blood pressure' is used when referring to a blood pressure reading consistently above 140/90 mmHg. The term 'pre-hypertension' or 'pre-hypertensive' is used when the systolic (top number) reading is consistently between 120 and 139 or the diastolic (bottom number) reading is consistently between 80 and 89. Those in the pre-hypertension range are more likely to develop high blood pressure.

Essential Hypertension

When the underlying cause of high blood pressure is not determined, it is classified as 'essential
…show more content…
This type of hypertension is classified into the four following categories:

Chronic hypertension
Preeclampsia-eclampsia
Preeclampsia superimposed on chronic hypertension
Gestational hypertension
The term 'gestational hypertension' has replaced the older term of 'pregnancy induced hypertension' and is a more accurate description. Preeclampsia and toxemia - disorders of gestational hypertension - are responsible for more than 76,000 maternal deaths and more than 500,000 infant deaths annually.

Hypertension Statistics for the United States

More than 56,000 people were killed by hypertension in the United States in 2006
One-in-three adults has hypertension (about 74.5 million people)
In 2006, of those experiencing hypertension, 77.6% were aware of their condition, only 67.9% were being treated, more than 44% had it under control and over 55% didn't have it under control
The death rate from hypertension between 1996 to 2006 increased 19.5% and the number of deaths went up
Get Access