Hypertension : A Common Disease

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Hypertension is a common disease that many people have heard about, but many do not understand. This “silent killer” has many causes, as well as signs, symptoms; however, there are ways to avoid it. This paper will explain hypertension in detail, including how to prevent it and how to live life to the fullest while having hypertension.
Hypertension, is also known as high blood pressure (HBP). It is a common disease which mainly affects people over the age of 60. Hypertension is caused by increased pressure on the arteries. It is measured with a blood pressure cuff. When taking a reading on hypertension, there are two numbers that are used: The top number is called systolic and the bottom number is diastolic. High blood pressure is measured in millimeter of mercury (MmHg). There are four stages of high blood pressure: the normal stage, prehypertension, hypertension, stage 2 hypertension. A normal blood pressure would be 120/80. This number will vary among different people, depending on their age and health. (Health Magazines, 2012).
Many things can increase or trigger hypertension such as excitement, anxiety, and physical activity and even waking up in the morning. Inversely, sleep can decrease hypertension. Additional triggers of hypertension are lack of physical activity, eating salty or greasy foods, alcohol and tobacco use. Furthermore, people that are overweight have a higher risk of getting high blood pressure. Unfortunately, in many cases, it is
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