Hypertension: Mechanical Blood Pressure

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Hypertension Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure is starting to become a very common cardio vascular diagnosis. Hypertension is classified as a cardiovascular disease caused by elevated blood pressure (Mosby's, 2006, p. 923). Hypertension is more dominant for individuals that have unhealthy lifestyles and have a family history of hypertension. Hypertension is also dominant in individuals that consume more that 5.8 grams of salt per day (Makoff, 2006). Having high blood pressure may cause other health problems if it is not treated. The health problems associated with high blood pressure are dangerous and sometimes fatal. When the blood pressure of a patient rises above 120 over 80 they are medically considered to have high…show more content…
The first pulse heard is the systolic pressure and the last pulse heard is the diastolic pressure (Perry and Potter, 2006, Pp. 601-605). There are also mechanical blood pressure devices that do not require a health professional to take the reading with a stethoscope. The mechanical blood pressure reading can be done independently where these machines are accessible to the public. Mechanical blood pressure monitors are also found in hospitals on pediatric and geriatric units (Perry and Potter, 2006, Pp. 601-605). Hypertension can be reduced and treated with medications, diet changes, stress reduction, and changes in lifestyles (Makoff, 2006). The medications that can be prescribed to a patient that has hypertension are ACE inhibitors, beta-blockers, diuretics, calcium channel blockers, alpha blockers, and vasodilators (Makoff, 2006). Blood pressure that is regularly at or above 140 over 90 mm Hg is treated with medications and lifestyle changes (Brams, 1973, p. 96). In some cases people who are diagnosed with hypertension also have other health problems that they are already taking medications for. Health professionals must be aware of these medications before giving a new prescription (Makoff, 2006). Combination drug therapy can reduce the side effects of medications and still perform effectively to minimize hypertension (Makoff, 2006). When prescribing drugs that both reduce the heart rate, the patient must be monitored closely by health professionals to
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