Hypertension: The Risks for High Blood Pressure Essay

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Hypertension is caused by lifestyle habits (Drinking, smoking, stress, nutrition, physical activity, weight) and predetermined factors (genetics, age, ethnicity/ race). Even if somebody is born with a higher risk of hypertension because of genetics or ethnicity it doesn’t mean that they are going to get it; this individual could develop lifestyle habits to prevent hypertension. Hypertension is a common cardiovascular disease (Hoeger, 2009, p. 334). Hypertension is also referred to as “high blood pressure”. Blood pressure is a measurement of the force put on the walls of the arteries by the blood (About High Blood Pressure, 2011). The higher the pressure put on the walls of the arteries when the heart pumps the higher then individuals …show more content…
348). This is considered the level to be hypertensive because the pressure is so high above normal (120/80) that the arteries are being put under great stress and are damaged. There are many causes of hypertension and they are, for the most part, all preventable.
Prevalence of the disease: How many people have the disease in various populations. Hypertension does in fact vary in different cultures, genders and ages groups. In Canada, females are more likely to get hypertension compared to males, “In 2009, females (17.3%) were more likely than males (16.4%) to report that they had been diagnosed with hypertension” (High Blood Pressure, 2009). It is not females of all ages that are more likely to get hypertension it is only once females get above 65 that make them more venerable but they have so many more incidences that it puts them at an overall higher risk, “At ages 12 to 34 and 45 to 54, men had [slightly] higher hypertension rates; at 65 and older, women had higher rates” (High Blood Pressure, 2009). Genetics plays a very small role in the causation of hypertension in individuals but it does play a small role, “hypertension results only when genetic differences affect the integrated functions of cardiovascular and renal BP regulation.” (Weder, n.d.). Finally, shown through statistics, race does appear to play a role in the probability of an individual getting hypertension. For males, African

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