Hypnosis : Advanced Psychology Of Personality

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CAMERON UNIVERSITY HYPNOSIS ADVANCED PSYCHOLOGY OF PERSONALITY SubmittedBy: Sandhya Aryal Submitted To: Dr. Ralph Alexander Date: 10/12/2015 HYPNOSIS Some psychologists think of hypnosis as an altered state of consciousness, while others believe that it is simply a product of more mundane processes such as focused attention and expectation (King, 2010, p.98). Both of the above perspectives are applicable and reasonable. Hypnosis is defined as an adjusted state of consciousness, attention and expectation wherea person is unusually responsive to suggestions. According to Shaughnessy (1990), “It is full of seeming paradoxes: It is definitely not sleep, and yet is not really a waking state either; it depends on attention…show more content…
If the suggested effect takes place, the person perceives them as being caused by hypnotist and receives them as a phenomenon that something is actually happening. The increase in person’s assumption will definitely make things happen in the future. Hypnosis is explained by two processes: a divided state of consciousness and social cognitive behavior.In a divided state of consciousness, as Ernest Hilgard explains, the consciousness is divided into separate parts. One constitute acts as a hidden observer while the other follows the command of the hypnotist. In a bucket of ice-cold water he placed one hand of the individual hypnotized and told him that he will not feel pain but the hidden part would be aware of the events happening by pressing a key with the other hands not sub-merged in water. The individual after hypnosis revealed that he did not experience any pain, while his hands had been inside the water, they had pressed the key with their non-submerged hand, and they pressed it more frequently as long as their hand was in cold water. Hilgard came to a conclusion that consciousness has a hidden part which remains in contact with the reality and thus feels pain but the other part does not feel any pain. Critics of Hilgard argue that the hypnotized person is never in an altered state of consciousness. From this view, the observer which is hidden is the person himself or herself, having the permission to
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