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2,147 words Hypnosis as it is practised refers to an interaction between two people, one of whom is identified as the hypnotist, the other as the subject/client, (P2 Hypnotherapy handbook, by Heap and Dryden). Hypnosis is a process in which psychological, mental emotions, reactions and behaviour are changed to improve health and positive wellbeing. During this essay I will talk about the history and what the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis are. Further to that I will be discussing the role of relaxation in hypnotherapy, why some of us are more susceptible and how hypnosis has been used in medicine, as well as the comparisons to hypnosis today. We have all been in a hypnotic state however most do not notice it because,…show more content…
Sigmund Freud studies convinced him that humans have powerful hidden mental processes, the theory that formed the basis of his later works. Freud supported the use of hypnosis and he used it in his work with the use of non-verbal inductions. By the mid – 1890’s he had given up hypnosis as it fell out of favour. Modern day acceptance of hypnosis in medicine that we now have owes a great debt to research starting in the 1920’s and 30’s by Clark Hull and his student Milton Erickson. Erickson went on to become the recognised leading authority on hypnosis- the master of indirect hypnosis. He was able to put a person into a trance without mentioning the word hypnosis. Erickson’s approach is widely accepted as the most effective techniques. When clients have hypnotherapy, changes happen in the brain. Science has given us a way to measure the electrical activity of the brain and the electroencephalography (EEG) is often used for brain damaged patients and other conditions. The first EEG was recorded in 1929 by Hans Berger. It gave us the electrical activity of the brain known as brain waves (p10 year one-module one). There are four main types of brain wave: the fastest beta 15-40 cycles per second when we are engaging in active conversation, Alpha waves 9 -14 when we are relaxed or at times of creativity and Theta waves 4 -8 cycles per second during dreaming and some meditative states. Theta waves are associated with our subconscious mind where we hold
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