Canyonlands National Park, immense amounts of wilderness and rock, is located at the heart of the Colorado Plateau (Canyonlands National Park-Geology). Millions of years have formed specific features to the rock and surrounding wilderness that make it so special. Throughout the park, you will find that the sedimentary rock has formed many features such as hundreds of colorful canyons, mesas, buttes, fins, arches, and spires. The Green and Colorado rivers have played a major role in the formation of many of these features. These rivers cut through the park forming two massive canyons. This further splits the park into three distinct zones. “Island in the Sky” sits to the north while “The Maze” sits off to the west and “The Needles” to the
(1995-2013) Finally, many evolutionists use the Grand Canyon as proof for millions of years, but evidence shows it actually formed from the overspill from two post-Flood lakes. (Creation Today, n.d.) Obviously, all of this evidence creates major problems for evolution, but is fully explained by Noah’s Flood.
In the third section of John McPhee's Encounters with the Archdruid, the author observes the discourse between conservationist David Brower and Commissioner of the Bureau of Reclamation, Floyd Dominy, on the merits of dams in the southwestern United States. Brower "hates all dams, large and small," while Dominy sees dams as essential to our civilization. The Glen Canyon Dam and Lake Powell, which Dominy created, are the main issue of debate between the two men.
The book RISING FROM THE PLAINS (1986) talks about how the Rocky Mountains had developed in Wyoming, McPhee was accompanied by David Love during this book. It was the first of the books “Annals of the Formal World” that talked about the effects of human beings, and how it complicates science. The book concentrates on how different parts of geology directly affects
The Arkoma Basin is one of several foreland basins that formed along the Ouachita Orogenic Belt during the Mississippian and Pennsylvanian time periods. It covers approximately 33,800 square miles and extends from southeastern Oklahoma to central Arkansas (Perry, 1997). The Arkoma Basin is bounded to the north by the Ozark Uplift, to the south by the Ouachita Mountains, to the northwest by the Anadarko Basin, to the southwest by the Arbuckle Uplift, and to the southeast by the Mississippian Embayment (Figure 5). The red box in figure 5 denotes the general location of the study area, which is in the eastern Arkoma section.
The final piece of evidence for a worldwide flood is the Grand Canyon. An article describing the Grand Canyon states, “The general scientific consensus, updated at a 2010 conference, holds that the Colorado River carved the Grand Canyon beginning 5 million to 6 million years ago.” (Zimmermann, 2013) However, it is obvious that the Colorado river could not have carved the Grand Canyon. It is much too small to carve such an enormous monument, and it shows a surprising lack of erosion for being millions of years old. (The Grand Canyon, n.d.) One problem with evolutionists’ theory is the numerous side canyons formed just as deep with no visible water source. (Brown, 1995-2013) Also, why are there no other Grand Canyons around the world that were created with larger and more powerful rivers? (Brown, 1995-2013) A massive amount of around eight hundred cubic miles of sediments were excavated from the Grand Canyon, yet the Colorado River’s delta, the section at the mouth of the river where sediments eroded by the river are deposited, contains less than one percent of this material. (Brown, 1995-2013) So where did it all go? A worldwide flood is the most plausible explanation. As the crust buckled and shifted, the water from the flood drained off of high levels into the ocean basins and any low places. (Brown, 1995-2013) The Colorado Plateau was lifted around six thousand two hundred feet, carrying two large post-Flood lakes with it, the Grand Lake and Hopi Lake. (Brown,
The area north of the Nantac Rim is typical of the Colorado Plateaus province (Broomfield & Shride, 1956). It is generally characterized by high elevation (average about 6,000 feet), and by the approximate horizontal position of its rocks. The drainage of this area is generally northward to the Salt and Black Rivers. The rivers and their principal tributaries have cut steep canyons into the plateau surface, making parts of the area almost inaccessible. Much of the area is
is characterized by increased sediment yield from hillslopes destabilized by vegetation change resulting from climatic warming and drying (Bull, 1991; McFadden and McAuliffe, 1997). In the Zuni Salt Lake piedmont area, vegetation change and hillslope runoff-sediment yield during this transition would have been further disrupted by pyroclastic airfall and wildfires associated with eruptions at Zuni Salt Lake maar and Cerro Pomo cinder cone during the ~13.5¬–11.5 ka interval (Appendix A). Rates of fan deposition immediately after the eruptions were probably quite accelerated; however, by ~10.3 ka (the age of the oldest piedmont fan deposits exposed), fan aggradation was not particularly high (~2 m/ka). Early Holocene valley floodplains in the Carrizo Wash watershed, at least after ~9 ka, are characterized by slow aggradation of clay-rich alluvium. This suggests that most sediment eroded from the upland slopes during the early Holocene was stored on piedmonts as alluvial fan deposits, with a relatively minor amount of fine sediment reaching the valley floors. Early Holocene floodplains were therefore probably relatively stable, slowly aggrading, and densely vegetated
This geologic data has shown that the basin contains sedimentary rocks of Late Cambrian to the Tertiary age, and is more than 15,000 feet thick. The depo-center of the Williston Basin started its development during the early Paleozoic era in the northwestern part of North Dakota. The sedimentary rock thickness decreases to less than 10,000 feet in eastern Montana and to less than 5000 feet along the basin margin (Peterson & MacCary, 2009). Carbonate deposition occurred throughout the area during the early to middle Paleozoic era and changed to clastic deposition in the late Paleozoic era. During the Paleozoic era, more than 8000 feet of marine sediments accumulated at the basin center, but the shape of the basin remained the same. The basin depo-center has however shifted slightly over time. The Williston Basin sedimentation in the lower and middle Paleozoic is dominated by carbonates and evaporates, whereas upper Paleozoic and younger rocks are largely siliciclastic with small admixtures of carbonate (Anderson & Gerhard,
In this paper i will be talking about some of the controversy swirling around about the Yellowstone Supervolcano. I will be talking about, the activity of the volcano and magma chamber, when it’s predicted to erupt next, the kill radius and ash cloud devastation, and if there is anything we can do to stop, or even mitigate the effects of a massive super eruption.
The Tijuana River Wetlands is classified as a coastal plain estuary. It has been in geologic development since the late Cenozoic Era, approximately 65 million years ago (Schoenherr, 59). As continental drift carried the North American continent westward, tectonic uplift raised the shore line several hundred feet above the current sea levels. Over time, the river wore through the uplifted terraces, though the narrowness of the floodplain indicates that the flow was generally not large.
The evolution of the Grand Canyon National Park has been one of the marvels of the world to which many researchers had dedicated substantial amount of controversial studies in attempt to accurately estimate the origin of the canyons and caves/gorges ages and Colorado Plateau current attained mean elevation of nearly horizontal sedimentary rocks based on numerous scientific interpretation of new research data without consideration of a slew of prior geologic data sets that confused geologists many generations ago. It is widely believed in the industry that weather element and volcanism during the ice ages (Cenozoic period) raised the amount of water in the Colorado River drainage system which increased the speed of the Colorado river and its active tributaries and its ability to cut through rocks many years ago, steepened the river (tributaries) gradient attributed to the uplift of the Colorado Plateau sitting near at sea level and the great depth of the Grand Canyon (Flowers, 2010). Additionally, increased differential erosion rate billions of years ago, exposed major geologic rock structures by cutting almost all the terraced walls of the current Grand Canyons created in part by volcanic activity that deposited lava and ashes across the area which completely obstructed the Colorado river system.
The Yucca Mountain is a very interesting geological area in Nevada only about 90 miles north of Las Vegas. Located in the large desert area adjacent to Death Valley, it is currently used as a nuclear waste repository designated by the United States Department of Energy. The mountain lies in the mountainous Great Basin with numerous valleys and ridges. The Yucca Mountain has a very rich geological history that dates back hundreds of millions of years ago. Yucca’s base layer of rocks were first deposited during the Pre-Cambrian geological period billions of years ago. This was followed by other layers of rocks that were deposited throughout the years including carbonate, shale, and other marine sedimentary rocks. Because of its placement amongst faults, many volcanic and seismic activity has occurred. These volcanic eruptions have built up layers of ignimbrite (See Pic 1 below) which consists of welded and non-welded tuff. These alternating layers of welded tuff and non-welded tuff have many geological implications that are of interest to geological researchers. This tuff is densely made up of volcanic ash and rock fragments from the lava which were fused together to form many layers. The volcanic remains and layers have come together to form the ridge line that we see today as the Yucca Mountain. It is very clear to see that the geographical and geological properties of the Yucca Mountain makes it an interesting
The Kaibab plateau was established as a National Game Preserve in 1906 to protect the local mule deer population from hunters and predators. In an effort to combat these threats to the deer population, hunting was made illegal and bounties were payed to individuals that successfully killed a predator. In 1925, up to 6000 predators had been killed by hunters completely erasing them from plateaus population. I believe that the loss of these predators would have the similar effect on the population growth as we recently saw on Isle Royale. Instead, the deer population would have grown at an accelerated pace due to the lack of predation on the population. This growth would have continued unchecked until the population over consumed its resources