I Don 't Versus I Can 't

1355 WordsMay 16, 20176 Pages
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Week 3 Assignment Adam Morrison PSY 326 Research Methods Jessica Lee ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! I. Introduction The focus of my critique will be on Vanessa Patrick’s and Henrick Hagtvedt’s research on “I Don’t versus “I Can’t”: When Empowered Refusal Motivates Goal Directed Behavior. The purpose of their research was focused on identifying how language implicates how we feel about our decision-making abilities. More specifically, they evaluated our ability to refuse temptation in situations in which our minds were distracted in varying ways. Historically, a significant amount of research on this topic has implicated a litany of social, environmental, cultural, psychological and individualized reasons that overly-influenced the…show more content…
To do this, they reviewed previous linguistic works to gain a deeper understanding of what inspires our decision-making goals. “In their review of the psychology of language use, (Pennebaker, Mehl, and Niederhoffer 2003) emphasize the importance of investigating language use, specific words in particular, on individual decision making, especially in terms of goal pursuit. They assert that despite word use being “a meaningful marker and occasional mediator of natural social and personality processes” (548), it is a “relatively unstudied phenomenon” (549). “The current research, thus, contributes to a significant gap in the extant literature. Further, some recent research (Senay et al. 2010) points to the importance of investigating the role of self-talk in motivating future behavior.” ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! III. Ethical Aspects While evaluating the idea that by thinking and speaking “I do” or “I do not” instead of “I can” or “I can’t” we become empowered and experience an increase in the level of control we have over our decision-making four studies were developed. The studies explained are: Study 1: One hundred and twenty were evaluated on the experienced level of empowerment when refusal framing motivates goal-directed behavior. Study 2A: One hundred and seventy-nine participated in a “Qualtrics” interface utilizing invitation-only recruitment in
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