(I) Examine the View That the Cosmological Argument Provides an Explanation for the World and Is a Trustworthy Basis for Belief in the Existence of God. (21
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The cosmological argument
(i) Examine the view that the cosmological argument provides an explanation for the world and is a trustworthy basis for belief in the existence of God. (21)
The cosmological argument, also known as the first cause argument, is a classical argument for the existence of God. The word cosmological comes from the Greek for order and it is an inductive argument as the premises are true but the conclusion may not be, and it is also synthetic where the truth is determined by experience and needs to be proven. It is also a posteriori and also based on natural theology.
The Cosmological argument finds its answer for the start of the universe through causes, meaning everything is caused by something, or everything…show more content… This reason must bee something superior outside the world that does not follow our rules; therefore not in itself depending on anything, this is God. Leibniz’ theory seeks the explanation beyond those that we seen immediately and asks not how by why we came into existence.
F. C. Copleston agrees with Aquinas on the subject of infinite regress ‘I don’t believe that the infinity of the series of events, if such an infinity can be proved, would be in the slightest degree relevant to the situation. If you add up chocolates you get a number of chocolates after all and not sheep. If you add up chocolates to infinity you would get an infinite number of chocolates’ this is the same as contingent beings. He states that the existence of contingent things can only be explained if we accept that there is a being with necessary existence who started off the chain of all other existent things. Copleston argues that a sufficient explanation for the existence of all contingent things must exist, this must be God, and God alone contains a reason for existence within himself.
Cosmological arguments not only provide evidence for God's existence, but may also be used to justify the existence of moral norms. For instance, unless God existed it might be said there could be