`` I Have A Dream, And Florence Kelley 's Speech On Child Labor And Women 's Suffrage

1571 Words Dec 17th, 2015 7 Pages
Speeches are dreaded by many. The fear of public speaking is one that is engraved into most people’s brains at an early age. There are many great speeches known to man; the Gettysburg Address, Martin Luther King Jr 's “I Have a Dream” and the two that will be contrasted in this essay; Sojourner Truth’s “Ain’t I Woman” and Florence Kelley 's speech on child labor and women 's suffrage. Both of these speeches were given at women’s rights conventions, Truth’s in 1851 in Ohio and Kelley’s in 1905 in Philadelphia. Although the two speakers are opposites (Kelley being an educated white woman and Truth being a freed slave who often shows her illiteracy throughout her speech) they both depend on rhetorical questions, exemplification, repetition, and with these devices, their establishment of pathos to encourage and call their audience to action. While Florence Kelley’s speech does well, Sojourner Truth’s is more effective due to the fact that she pinpoints the enemy and draws her audience together with her word choice. Kelley asks the questions “If the mothers and the teachers of Georgia could vote, would the Georgia Legislature have refused at every session for the last three years to stop the work in the mills of children under twelve years of age?” and “Would the New Jersey Legislature have passed that shameful repeal bill enabling girls of fourteen years to work all night, if the mothers of New Jersey were enfranchised?”, which would be answered by her audience as “yes”. The…
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