The Implicit Association Test (IAT) I chose to take was the Race IAT test. It tests the users ability to associate with images of European Americans (white) and African Americans (black) as well as words that correspond to good and bad. The normative results are that most Americans tend to have some form of an automatic association with European Americans. My results were typical. I felt a little embarrassed at first in reaction to seeing the results of a slight automatic preference to European Americans. I even took the test again to see if I would be better prepared for it and the result remained the same.
Social psychology is the study of psychology that deals with social interactions and how it effects the individual. The IAT test observes social psychology effects within an individual. The IAT is a test that measures the connection between White or Black people and the idea of good or bad. The score on the test represents your preference of race. The preference can be linked to negative behavior such as discrimination in the workplace, law enforcement, and other social environments.
I survey the body language, facial expressions and the possible words or phrases that can be interpreted more than one way. Because of this course I am more tolerant to people who are prejudiced. The most personally influential chapter to me was chapter two in the assigned textbook. The chapter introduced me to how stereotypes are formed and the consequences of categorizing people. Studies show that in order to simplify the workload of the brain, we place people into social categories based on previous experience and peer learning. “Social categorization involves thinking about people primarily as members of social groups rather than as individuals” (Blaine, 22).I found that I engage in this practice, but the automatic groups do not usually have negative stereotypes attached; When I meet a negative exception, they are then sorted into a subgroup.The second most influential chapter …..Chapter four of the textbook details the components of prejudices. the stereotypes and instances of prejudice enabled me
This is where prejudice can have a slightly positive effect on a group or individual, for example, people think all vegetarians eat healthily or the example in the book is all African Americans are superstar athletes. However, individuals who are vegan or African American might take that offensively and feel as if people are just grouping them with the rest of the vegans and African Americans.
The IAT results measure implicit attitudes and stereotypes towards a group of people. They also measure the bonding between the associations and concepts. For example, I was quick at categorizing when both European Americans
In regards to the AITSL standard 1.4, it is essential to include a curriculum and teaching practices, which respects Indigenous peoples perspectives in order to build positive learning relationships between educators and their students in the classroom. Educators can incorporate various approaches in many ways; however, they must ensure that the curriculum is applicable and respectful towards Aboriginal Torres Strait Islander knowledge, ensure they continuously develop and release engaging and culturally inclusive curriculum in learning environments. As for literacy and numeracy accomplishments, it is essential to advance in teaching practices of valuing and respecting the knowledge of including Aboriginal Torres Strait Islander language.
There are various tests related to race within the Implicit-Association Test (IAT) like Skin-tone IAT, Native IAT, Race IAT, Asian IAT, etc. The test I took was related to Race IAT opted to complete the African American – European American IAT. In the study, there were three questionnaires and a sorting task involving words and pictures. There was the time limit of 10 minutes. Before starting the test, demographics about my basic information were reported. There were various categories that I had to keep in mind before starting the test. The categories were Good, Bad, African American and European American. The test result helped me identify as colorblindness and also, slightly altered my identity.
Implicit bias is a concept that originally gained esteem during the 2016 election. It is defined as unconscious assumptions or stereotypes that are race-related. For example, if someone pulled up two pictures, a white female and a black male, and told you that one of them committed a crime, you are likely to choose the black male. You’re not racist, you have just been consuming all this media and images that paint black people or specifically males as being criminals. There are many options to attempt to fix this bias implanted in you. First, one should take a test to see if they even have a bias in the first place. If yes, then they should attempt to overcome it. They can do this by either hanging out with people of another ethnicity to learn who they are or to address that the racial anxiety exists and to work from there. In my opinion, this idea of implicit bias is incredibly important for people to learn about and possibly fix if necessary. Before this video, I had never heard of implicit bias and I always just figured I was stereotyping people whenever I had thoughts like the ones presented in the
Jurors are more likely to favor those belonging to the same racial category because they can connect more easily with members of the same race. Implicit racial biases are measurable; researchers use The Implicit Association Test, or IAT, to measure and study implicit biases (Elek & Hanaford-Agor, 2013). The test’s underlying idea is that a person will be able to quickly and easily associate concepts related to an idea that is more consistent with his or her attitudes and beliefs. Researchers have shown connections between implicit racial bias, jury verdicts, and how jurors observe evidence. In a study conducted by Levinson and Young, mock-jurors who were shown photographic evidence of a dark-skinned gunman rated the defendant’s guilt 66.97 on a 100-point scale. Mock-jurors who were shown photographic evidence of a light-skinned gunman rated the defendant’s guilt 56.37 out of 100 (Elek & Hanaford-Agor, 2013). In another study showing that race is a determining factor of jury verdicts, Eberhardt and colleagues find that those who had more stereotypically Black facial features received the death penalty 57.5% of the time. On the other hand, they find that those with less stereotypically Black facial features were sentenced 24.4% of the time (Elek & Hanaford-Agor,
Stereotyping characteristics are associated with our past experiences of the particular group’s characterization and thus, in essence, we would have to have a certain picture of that group’s social behaviors on our minds. Eventually, such characterization leads to the generalization of the entire group’s social and cognitive behaviors that we believe are inbound or depict the true
To illustrate the inevitability of stereotypes, social and evolutionary psychology work together to demonstrate the human tendency toward in-group and out-group dynamics. John Bargh believes stereotypes arise from these in-groups and out-groups interactions. Humans want to have a positive perception of the group they belong to, and one way of doing that is to demean other groups. Additionally, humans tend to see their in-group members as individuals while they see members of out-groups as a single entity that makes them easier to stereotype. (Paul). Critics of this concept of implicit bias, such as David French, a staff writer for the National Review, claim that the concept of implicit bias allows people to refer to entire communities as bigoted. However, implicit bias is not all about bigotry. Research suggests that it is grounded in the human tendency to divide the world into social groups, an "us versus them" mentality that shows up in even
We collected fingerprints from a tile found at the crime scene. We found two fingerprints and compared them to the fingerprints in the suspect database. Both fingerprints had an arch ridge pattern. Using this information, we can immediately exclude the Maine South Redhawk, the New Trier Trevian, and the Waukegan Bulldog. None of these suspects had any fingers with arch ridge pattern. The Niles North Viking and the Glenbrook North Spartan each have a single finger with the arch ridge pattern. We found that neither print matched the prints found at the crime scene. In analyzing the Loyola Rambler’s fingerprints, we found two matches. The right index finger and the right middle finger matched the fingerprints found at the scene. Many minutiae matched. For example, the right middle finger had multiple bridge minutiae in unique places. These bridges were identified in similar places on one print found at the scene. The right index finger also had bifurcations in unique placements. These matched one of the prints found at the scene. Based on this analysis, the suspect who most likely committed the crime was the Loyola Rambler.
In the first title, I found the conformity of social norms. And then in the second title, I found the cognitive roots of prejudice, stereotyping. Finally, in the third title, it had both in-group bias and an in-group and an out-group relationship just by observing the title. All in all the titles chosen had bias due to prejudice, which was shown within the wording of the titles. The solutions to conflicts or prejudice would be contact, cooperation, communication, and conciliation. These four ways can reduce prejudice within families, schools, and the communities. In 1966, in summer, 22 Oklahoma City boys were separated into two camps. When there were tasks to accomplish, the boys started to fight and considered a competition. I personally thought this was interesting because that is why we have the Olympics. They were created to “reduce” conflict. But as you can see in the theatrical or even the novels of the Hunger Games series, the games only create more conflict. Surprisingly the conflict that happens, resulting from the hunger games, does not happen in the case of the 22 Oklahoma boys (otherwise known as the Sherif’s experiment of 1966). Later on, when the boys are given a task, the two groups had to cooperate with one another in order to complete the task. And while they cooperated they socialized, communicated. The outcome of the contact was conciliation. Out of the four words, I consider communication the most important. Previously, when I spoke of the IAT, I said I preferred speaking face to face to get a valid result. Though communication can go on with rumors, gadgets like the lying detector can be used for trust purposes. In some cases using the lying detector seems unethical because it can possibly lead to someone thinking that they do not trust one another, causing conflict. But I find it ethical because the lying detector is used for justice, not
Prejudice by classical conditioning is based on personal experiences or something that you have learned from/been taught. This creates a response either in a negative/positive way and heavily influences on whether you are for/against the topic or item.
The world has many different influences that affect the way we grow, think, and act. It is interesting how some people from the same background and upbringing can become completely different people simply by the people they associate with. Psychologically association can be one of the best or worst things that can happen to someone. Depending on the type of association can determine which road you go down in life. Choices like this start at a very young age, such as grade school to high school.