IFRS Vs US GAAp

1484 Words Mar 21st, 2015 6 Pages
IFRS vs U.S. GAAP
Victoria Harris
American Public University
Acct 610 There are two sets of accounting standards that are used worldwide. One is the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and the U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). There is a huge desire for there to one set of accounting standards worldwide with the increase of companies performing business in many different countries and global expansion. The International Financial Reporting Standards are issued by the International Accounting Standards Board. These set of accounting standards are international in more than 110 countries and the state how certain transactions and other events should be reported in the preparation of
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Such assets include items like research and development, advertising costs, patents, trademarks, and copyrights.
One similarity between the U.S. GAAP and IFRS is that fixed assets are estimated at cost originally under both accounting standards; however, after initial recognition, differences occur between the two accounting standards. Under IFRS, after initial recognition, fixed assets are allowed to be altered to fair value. The revolution method is used to do this. This method uses the fair value on the time of assessment, less any accrued devaluation and impairment losses. This method is not used often though due to the high costs of appraisal that is involved. The U.S. GAAP values fixed assets using the cost model. This values fixed assets at historical cost, less any accrued devaluation. Fixed assets include property, plants, and equipment. How inventory costs are handled is another area in which the IFRS and U.S. GAAP differ. Under U.S. GAAP, a company can either use the last-in, first-out (LIFO) or the first-in, first-out (FIFO) inventory method. Under IFRS, the LIFO method is not allowed to be used. The advantage to having one accounting standard is enhanced comparability between countries. It also removes the need to have to adjust LIFO inventories to FIFO inventories in comparison analysis between companies that use different accounting standards. How write downs are handled is another difference

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