Ia Essay

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Introduction Since its founding, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has sought to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and inhibit its use for any military purpose (i.e. nuclear nonproliferation). The latter goal of the agency has been the most challenging as the number of states—friendly and hostile—with access to nuclear materials continues to rise. Despite various challenges and criticisms from some the international community regarding its true authority, the agency has largely succeeded in its mission, especially in recent decades. This paper will compare the role of the IAEA at the start of Iran’s nuclear program to its role in the most recent Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). This paper will also address…show more content…
The organization seeks to carry out its mandate through its safeguard system of inspections, visits, and ongoing monitoring and evaluation of nuclear power plants (see Appendix 1). All of these activities are embedded in legally binding agreements and “provide independent, international verification that governments are abiding by their commitments to the peaceful use of nuclear technology” (“IAEA”). Per the statute of the IAEA, non-compliance with the agreements will be reported to the United Nations S.C. and General Assembly. Furthermore, most of the Safeguards Agreements are with non-nuclear-weapon states who are party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), created in 1968 and signed by 191 parties. Recently, the IAEA has been extensively involved in three states including Iran, the focus of this paper. To understand why the Iran’s nuclear program became worrisome for the IAEA, a brief history and overview of the state’s nuclear program is necessary. Iran’s Nuclear Program Iran’s nuclear program began in 1957 with the announcement of an agreement for cooperation with and technical assistance under the Atoms for Peace program following Eisenhower’s speech. In 1959, Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi sought the establishment of the Tehran Nuclear Research Center (TRNC) at Tehran University. Later, the U.S. “supplied the TNRC with a small 5MWt

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