Ib History Paper 3 Guide

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Sabrina Shaw
Hunter 2A
IB History of the Americas HL
7 November 2012
Paper 3 Guide: Mexican Revolution
Bullet Points: Defined and Summarized: 1. Causes of the Mexican Revolution: social, economic, and political; the role of the Porfiriato regime * Porfirio Díaz was the dictator of Mexico from 1876 to 1910. His regime is known as the Porfiriato regime. Díaz’s social ideologies and aims were to divide and rule, obtain absolute power Díaz’s methods were the Pan o Palo policy and the spoil system. Díaz wanted to increase industrialization without increasing foreign investment and he used the spoil system to gain the support of the wealthy landowners. Díaz’s political goals were to have autocratic rule, have absolute power, and
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Obregon was assassinated in 1928 before he won the reelection his second presidential term.
Calles:
* Calles held power indirectly through 3 presidents which were his “puppets”. They were Emilio Portes Gil, Pascual Ortiz Rubio, and Abelardo Rodríguez.
Calles plays an important role after the revolution since, because of him, there was a constitutional change that allowed non-consecutive reelection within Mexico. In 1926, Calles also made an anticlerical legislation by reforming the penal code, this law outlawed religious orders. Some Mexican states such as Jalisco, Zacatecas, Guanajuato, Colima, and Michoacán, strongly opposed the idea of this law ultimately leading to the Cristero war. The impact of Calles was very negative on Mexico, because it plunged Mexico into another war.
Maximato:
* A time period of 1928-1935 in which Mexico was led by Plutarco Elias Calles, who is also known as el Jefe Maximo (the supreme leader)

4. Lazaro Cardenas and the renewal of the revolution (1939-40): aims, methods, and achievements * Lazaro Cardenas was the president from 1934-1940, quite a few years after the 1920 end to the Mexican revolution. He distributed land, made loans available to peasants, organized workers’ and peasants’ confederations, and expropriated and nationalized foreign-owned industries. One of his successes was the six year plan, continuing the spirit of the Mexican
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