Ib Hl History Ia

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HL History Internal Assessment

Was President Ronald Reagan the reason for the Cold War’s conclusion?

Word Count: 1,634

Was President Ronald Reagan the reason for the Cold War’s conclusion?

A. Plan of Investigation
This investigation focuses on the impact that President Ronald Reagan had on ending the Cold War between the United States of America and the Soviet Union during the 1980’s. The use of historian argumentation, primary sources, such as Ronald Reagan’s Address to the Nation on Defense and National Security, and analytical essays by well known professors, such as John Gaddis’s excerpt from Major Problems in American History Since 1945 – titled “Ronald Reagan’s Cold War Victory” – will be utilized. The origins, purposes, values,
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Evaluation of Sources
“Ronald Reagan’s Cold War Victory”, written by John Lewis Gaddis in 1989, is an analytical essay from Major Problems in American History Since 1945, an educational book meant to introduce those interested in history to primary sources as well as essays written by noted historians. Gaddis wrote this essay with the purpose of educating individuals on the role that President Ronald Reagan played in the Cold War. The essay’s value is due to the fact that it was written by an individual who experienced these historical occurrences firsthand. Furthermore, Gaddis has become a noted historian with multiple publications on the topic of the Cold War. The limitation of the essay is that the information contained within it is based on facts known to the public as of 1989 – a date which does not necessarily come after the conclusion of the Cold War; ergo, the amount of declassified documents and available information to historians and the public would have been minimal.
Another valuable source to this investigation was “Ronald Reagan’s Address to the Nation on Defense and National Security.” The address took place on March 23, 1983. The

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