Ideal Paper

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Ideal Reading Program for First Grade
Susan McClough
EDUC 554
Liberty University
June 28, 2013

Reading happens to be the most important factor in everyone’s live. Every subject and every aspect of a person’s life involves reading. According to Shanahan and Shanahan (2008), “Reading is commonly viewed as a basic set of skills, widely adaptable and applicable to all kinds of texts and reading situations.” Teachers have a responsibility to ensure that each student that enter their present have a strong foundation in reading. The bible identifies teacher’s roles in 2 Timothy 3:16, “All scripture is breathed out of God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and
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However, children must understand when they say a word, the word is made up on many sounds that have blended as it was spoken (Tompkins, 2010).
Phonic awareness helps to build a strong reading foundation for students because it is the child’s ability to understand that words are created with different sounds such as can. The word can is the blended sounds of /c/, /a/, and /n/. There are many strategies available that teachers can use to teach phonemic awareness to students which include the following: 1. Teach students to identify the sounds within the words 2. Place words in categorizing sounds 3. Teach students to substitute sounds as students make new words 4. Teach students to blend sounds to make new words, and 5. Teach students to segment words in sound (Tompkins, 2010, pg. 147).
When teach phonics awareness Tompkins suggest three criteria which include the following: 1. Ensuring the activities are age appropriate, involve song, wordplay and include rhyme, 2. The instructions are planned and purposeful, and 3. The activities should be integrated into a balanced literacy program (pp. 147-148).
Teachers will often work with students whose primary language is not English. They must take the opportunity to provide instructions and material in the native language of the student because phonic awareness is a major component of oral language. Providing instructions and material in the English Learners native language will
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