Ideas On Self Reliance And Self Sustaining Abilities

987 WordsJan 26, 20154 Pages
Ideas on Self Reliance and Self Sustaining Abilities: Artificial Photosynthesis The problems of the world are everywhere, and mankind is constantly searching for solutions. The problem which plagues both developed countries and developing countries is an energy crisis. Our non-renewable resources are not going to last. Transition to a world no longer dependent on polluting sources of fuel is what all countries should be united to achieve. The solution is alternative, clean energy. A ‘pure producing energy source’ is ideal for self-reliance in the energy market. Pure production is simply when we take from the source. So where does all fuel originate? Where did all matter come from? The answer: a star. Humanity 's first form of pure…show more content…
From here we analyzed the process so we could copy it. Photosystem I, and Photosystem II, are both natural protein-based reactions initiated by sunlight, meant to produce biofuel. The purpose of Photosystem I is to “catalyze[s] the oxidation of plastocyanin” (Govindjee & Witmarsh, 1995). Put simply, to prepare Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP), which finishes the job Photosystem II starts. Specifically the job Photosystem II does is splitting water. This releases hydrogen ions and molecular oxygen and reduces carbon dioxide (CO2) (Govindjee & Witmarsh, 1995). Reduction of the CO2, thanks to NADP, generates sugar. Specifically the sugar, Adenosine Diphsophate (ADP), is later used as the building block for the remaining metabolic process. The entirety of the photosystem is part of carbon recycling, or the Calvin cycle. This cycle is tri-purposed and meant to fixate carbon, reduce carbon, and repeat the first two steps (Nave, 2009). In the end we are left with three ADP, two NADP+ (used up NADP), and two Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P) (Nave, 2009). These three items are all used up again in the exact same cycle, and all but one carbon produced in the two G3P remain for further use. Three turns of the cycle produces another G3P. One more G3P (six total cycles) is needed to make glucose, the sophisticated common sugar, used for the rest of life’s processes, finalizing
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