Identification Of The Specific Standard, Guideline Or Criteria

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Identification of the specific standard, guideline or criteria The report makes it publicly known the harsh implications that errors in healthcare are a leading cause of death and injury. In the late1999, Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies of the United States released the report, To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health System. The report cited the findings of a major study that found medical errors kill at least 44,000 and perhaps as many as 98,000 Americans in hospitals each year. Deaths due to preventable adverse events exceed the deaths attributable to motor vehicle accidents (43,458), breast cancer (42,297), or AIDS (l6, 5l6). Total national costs are estimated to be between $37.6 billion and $50 billion for these events. A depressing comparison of about 6,000 Americans die from workplace injuries every year and medication errors are estimated to account for about 7,000 of this deaths (Gray, E., Gray, I., Yodice P., Rezai, F., Fless, K.). Computerized Physician Order Entry (CPOE) is the process of entering medication orders and other physician’s instructions electronically using a computer-based system to ensure standardized, legible and complete orders. Its implementation has been recommended to improve patient safety and outcomes primarily by reducing medication errors that usually arise from faulty prescriptions (Al-Dorzi, Hasan M., Tamim, Hani M., Cherfan, Antoine, Hassan, Mohamad A., Taher, S. and Arabi, Y.). Hospitals are continuing to
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