Identification of an Unknown Organic Acid Essay

2628 Words Dec 11th, 2014 11 Pages
Identification of an Unknown Organic Acid
Chem 1211K Lab
Drawer #15
Wednesday November 13th, 2013
Unknown Number: 3334025-CF13

Table of Contents
Pg. #
Abstract 3
Experimental Report 4-7
Results and Discussion 7-12
Conclusion 13
**pKa Graph 14

Identifying this organic acid was an extensive task that involved several different experiments. Firstly, the melting point had to be determined. Since melting point can be determined to an almost exact degree, finding a close melting point of the specific unknown can accurately point to the identification of the acid. In this case the best melting point
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To begin, three sets ofabout 0.3000g of KHP are weighed out on an analytical balance. Put the three sets of KHP into three separate, labeled flasks. All three sets of the KHP is then dissolved with approximately 50mL of deionized water. Next, a buret is used to start the actual titration. Buret is initially filled to 0.00mL mark with the NaOH solution, this is recorded as initial volume. Next, add 2-3 drops of phenolphthalein indicator into each of the three flasks containing KHP. A magnetic stir bar is then added to the first flask, and placed above a stir plate. Everything is positioned under the buret. Stirrer is put on medium speed and the titration can start. Slowly release the NaOH into the KHP flask. As the end point is reached, a pink color will be seen in the flask. When the lightest pink possible remains in the solution for more than 30 seconds titration is complete. The final volume is recorded, and the same steps are taken for the other two sets of KHP solution. Finally, blank titration is completed to determine deviation.
ii. The second part of the titration series involves titration of NaOH with Hydrochloric acid (HCL). Again, three reps of titration and a blank titration have to be completed. A volumetric pipet is used to measure 10.00mL of HCL into three labeled conical flasks. Then the flasks are filled with deionized water until about the 50mL mark. A buret is…