Identify The Three Main Components Of The Criminal Justice System

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1. What are the three main components of the criminal justice system? How do they interrelate? How might they conflict?
The three main components of the criminal justice system are law enforcement, courts, and corrections. These components are interrelated because law enforcement upholds and enforces the law which usually results in citations or arrests. The court decides these charges (citations or arrests) with a fair trial and carry out the administration of justice by sentencing, if guilty. Corrections is responsible for upholding and carrying out the sentences handed down by the courts. All three components work together to give the offender justice. If one part of the criminal justice system does not do their job correctly, the entire conviction is ruined, and justice is not served.

2. Identify the two primary goals of policing and explain the police role in society.
The two primary goals and objectives of policing are maintaining order and protecting life and property. Society emphasizes the police role as being crime fighters and public servants. With crime fighter’s role, criminals are the enemy and police are the “army” that are in “war” with the enemy. Police as a public servant perception is explained as the police having limited ability to affect crime rates and the police serve all the people including criminals. The police use of force should also be restricted with the public servant view. In reality, a police officer’s role is to do all of the above: protect and serve, monitor criminal activity, respond to emergency calls, issue tickets, make arrests, help citizens, listen, de-escalate situations, and so on.

3. What are the three main styles of policing and provide a brief description of each style.

The three main styles of policing are watchman, legalistic, and service. The watchman style of policing focuses on keeping the peace by resolving disputes under their discretion but does not do so proactively. Legalistic style of policing strictly enforces the law using formal methods. It resolves disputes but relies on arrests with little discretion. Service style policing focuses on serving the public and helping the community. By not focusing on enforcing the law, this style uses informal
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