Identify and Briefly Describe the Features of Any Four Structures You Are Familiar with and Discuss the Reasons for Diversity of Type and Structure of Organisations. Give Examples Where Appropriate

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"There are always, in any explanation of organisational structure, four types"#, with any breakdown of viewpoints of organisation culture, whether it be by structualists or ideologists , they all agree there is always 4 cultures and 4 structures. Four types of structure which are identified by structualists, are common within organisations today, these are Functional Structure, Matrix Structure, Web Structure and Closter Structure. Firstly the Functional Structure, is where the organisation itself is structured around functions rather than a product line#, which means it is structured groups in specialized similar skills, rather than working in one whole unit. This kind of structure is best utilised when creating a specific product, and…show more content…
The Data collected by Hrebiniak and Snow also showed that structural response to environmental and social uncertainty was affected by industry.#
A second reason for the diversity in types of organisations and structures is technology. Mannari (1981) defined technology as the means by which an organizations outputs are created.# It can be argued that if the organisation holds a better fit with their technology and/or the technology of today, then it is plausible to state that their structure would be more efficient and would equate into their being more profits. But there is a flaw with this thinking, for that technology could downgrade jobs, and even more extreme abolish jobs, this would destroy culture within an organisation as it would get rid of what the organisation is built up on, the workers, as in the people. Then again it can do the complete opposite and create jobs and add to the culture. But technology does certainly add to differences within structures, where some structures may benefit more with new technology and adapt quickly, such as cluster structure.
Possible biggest influence on the diversity of structures is the environment, after all it is the environment that is the organisation's source of input and place of outputs. It is where the organisation exchanges relations with a set of persons or groups in the environment surrounding

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