Identifying Nursing Strategies For Reduce Stress

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Identifying Nursing Strategies to Reduce Stress in Burn Patients 1304523 & 1303577 University of Alberta Abstract Sustaining a burn injury is a distressing experience for the patient and their family. Stress is an outcome of burn injuries that has physical, physiological, and psychological effects. Addressing the stress of the patient and their family is a responsibility of the nurse. Using CINAHL as a database, key articles were found by searching the following key words: stress, burn patient, anxiety, coping, music therapy, family, pain, anticipatory teaching, and anticipatory information. In order to alleviate stress in burn patients, music therapy, including family members in dressing changes, and providing…show more content…
Additionally, uncontrolled stress puts the patient at risk for long-term complications, such as psychological disorders (Connor-Ballard, 2009). Therefore, controlling stress through nursing interventions is paramount in patient care. This paper identifies the use of music therapy, including family members in dressing changes, and anticipatory teaching, as three priority nursing interventions for managing stress in burn patients and their families. Music Therapy In the event of a burn, the patient undergoes severe pain that is often described as excruciating; therefore controlling pain through the use of music therapy is an important nursing strategy (Zwicker, 2010). Research has shown that pain and stress are interrelated, as stress in the form of anxiety, often heightens the perception of pain, and pain further exacerbates feelings of anxiety (Wentz & Warnock, 2010). Although the standard use of controlled pharmacological interventions helps alleviate some burn pain, it alone does not prove to be as effective as the combined use of pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies. In fact, Miller et al. (1992) found that seventy-five percent of burn patients do not have effective pain relief with analgesics alone (as cited in Fratianne, Presner, Huston, Super, Yowler, & Standley, 2001). Introducing a non-pharmacological intervention, specifically music therapy, has been found to significantly reduce the
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