In war, the commander in chief makes or breaks the efficiency and effectiveness of the army. The Civil War involved 3 main commanders in chief of the Union and Confederate Army. Through letters written by these three leaders, Ulysses S. Grant, George McClellan and Robert E. Lee, it is evident
Professor Freeman, in her lecture titled: “The Logic of a Campaign (or, How in the World Did We Win?)”, talks about “logistical” problems that the British Army faced. First and foremost was the simple problem of supply and demand; regarding both fighting men and basic supplies. England was an ocean away and America’s ports were not always welcoming. Second was the actual lay of the land. British forces were not accustomed to fighting over such a vastly spread out region, nor were the accustomed to guerilla style warfare (Freeman).
The Battle of Bunker Hill By Connor Estes Honors U.S History 1 Mr. Murphy Groton Dunstable Regional High School January 18, 2016 People may believe that the Bunker Hill Monument is a simple representation of an American pastime that occurred during the Revolutionary War, but there is much more to it than some may believe. The actions
“Throw down your arms! Ye villains, ye rebels” (1775, 04/19: Battles of Lexington and Concord. (2007, June 26). The militiamen, who were greatly outnumbered, were ordered to leave when a shot rang out. No one really knows who fired first, but the British, hearing the shot, fired upon
Chapter 12 The Second War for Independence and the Upsurge of Nationalism, 1812–1824 1. A Scary War with Britain (pp. 233–240) a. What do the authors say at the outset is the “supreme lesson” of the War of 1812? The leading a divided and apathetic people into war is a bad idea
The Battle of Bunker Hill traces back to December 1773, when a group of Colonists dressed as Mohawk Indians boarded three ships from the East India Company. These rebels led by Sam Adams proceeded to dump chests filled with tea into the Boston Harbor. This act, known
After poor execution of the Battle of New Orleans it was ordered that the British stand down and withdrawal from the United States. The British and great plans to take artillery and use it against the American Militia, but the failed execution of taking the artillery proved the British were doomed to lose the Battle. Although leadership was poor there were also control issues between the soldiers and their commanders. Cochrane gave command to inefficient officers and this was a factor in the failure of British troops not staying to fight. Many soldiers knew the battle was over and when they were being decimated many abandoned the
The Regulars (British) were defending themselves from losing their men, they also wanted to keep going with their march, and they thought their opponent (Americans) were going to start firing at
The strategies of the British Alliance, known as the loyalists, were constantly manipulated The lack of communication between the 3 groups of British troops evidently was the result of their loss. In the end, by October 1777 after the Battles at Saratoga, Americans had “turned over 5,800 troops, 7,00 muskets, and forty-two brass cannons to Gates” according to page 175 . In response to the victory of America, British's strategy to terrorize frontier settlements leading to hundreds of militiamen killed. In result to the British attack, the Patriots dismantled the Iroquois confederacy As the war moved South, Patriots began to formulate a new strategy: to gain control of the Southern colonies. While the British strategy to enlist more loyalists as their allies worked and many American Armies were defeated, other issues arose. The main issue of the Southern strategy was that it led many loyalists to switch to the patriot side. We see the Southern strategy weaken even more during the Battle of King’s Mountain, where American Victory led to the impossibility to recruit more loyalists to Britain.
5) He is warning that he knows that the British military is strong but America would fight to the last moment also if you attack your own country men the whole House of Bourbon will be united against you
(Impossibility) (TR) Let us say that the vastly outnumbered Americans defeated their foes, (RQ) why would the British infantry march out in the open? (GT) It is quite impossible that a general would risk the lives of his militia by bringing them out into the open. (RQ) If a grand, highly decorated general of war was known for demolishing large French armies with ease, then how could he and his men loose to a motley mob of soldiers? (ST)
During the War of 1812, the power of the army and navy forces in the United States of America seems to be lacking in both its quantity and quality value of soldiers, weapons, and supplies. In comparison to Great Britain, who, at the time, has the leading military in the world, boasting both a powerful army and navy, the Americans appears to be at a clear disadvantage. According to primary and secondary sources on www.napoleanseries.org, during the War of 1812, there were approximately 250,000 soldiers in the British Army and approximately 500
The Battle of Antietam could have been a devastating and fatal blow to the Confederate Army if Gen. McClellan acted decisively, took calculated risks, and veered away from his cautious approach to war. There are many instances leading up to the battle and during the battle in which he lacks the necessary offensive initiative to effectively cripple and ultimately win the war. This paper is intended to articulate the failure of Mission Command by GEN McClellan by pointing out how he failed to understand, visualize, describe and direct the battlefield to his benefit.
General Washington 's adherence to mission command principles promoted the environment needed to win. Senior allied partners deferred decision making to Washington based on trust and collaborative input. Effective communications encouraged subordinate commanders to propose constructive alternatives aimed at streamlining action. The Siege of Yorktown embodied the approach effectiveness. Admiral Lafayette’s decision to avoid a major naval battle in Chesapeake Bay demonstrated this. Lafayette’s understood Washington’s intent, and the established trust ensured vital Colonial waterway supremacy. This decisive act ensured Lord Cornwallis’ entrapment throughout the siege. (COL Jerry A. Turner, 2015)
Based on their sense of duty to follow the order, Captain Miller and his men used a deontological ethical framework to guide their decision-making process. The University of Texas Business school states that deontology ethics, “requires that people follow the rules and do their duty” (McCombs School of Business, n.d.). The duties of a soldier are to follow the orders of the officers and individuals appointed over them. In this case, Captain Miller and his men fell underneath the command of General Marshall.