Iliad Analysis: why are the gods in bliss when the men go to war?
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“… While the fair day waxed in heat through all the morning hours missiles from both sank home and men went down, until when Helios bestrode mid-heaven the Father (Zeus) cleared his golden scales. Therein two destinies of death’s long pain he set for Trojan horsemen and Akhaian soldiers and held the scales up by the midpoint. Slowly one pan sank with death’s day for the Akhaians.” – The Iliad. (Book 8. Lines 72-80).
A gain for one would be for a loss for another. This concept of balance can be seen through different circumstances in a person’s life. There would always be an effect that would counteract the cause of a certain circumstance. In the same way, this concept can also be seen in the battle in the Iliad. It always is the case…show more content… Aside from these, each warrior involved in the said battle values the ideology of gaining glory and honor for himself and for his respective home town. This line of thinking pushes the mortals on further to do their very best as they engage in the battlefield. [Hektor: “Trojans, Lykians, Dardans! Fighters all! Be men, friends, keep up your fighting power. I know now that Zeus has accorded me victory and glory – and the Danaans bloody defeat…” (Homer; Book 8, Lines 199-203)].
It may be deduced, therefore, that the aim of the mortal warriors of gaining honor and glory through battle is of profound importance for them. This was why in times when the eventualities may not be for their side’s favor, these mortal warriors have the tendency to implore to the higher beings – the Olympian God – so that they may give them guidance for them to attain their aim and goal in their battle. [Diomedes: “Oh hear me, Athena! Let me destroy that man, bring me in range with him, who hit me by surprise, and glories in it.” (Homer; Book 5, Lines 131,135-136)]. They implore to them since they believe that these higher beings possess the capacity to alter circumstances that may be favorable to either one of the dueling sides in the war. [Athena: “Courage, Diomedes. Press the fight against the Trojans… I’ve cleared away the mist that blurred your eyes a moment ago, so you may see before you clearly, and distinguish god from man…” (Homer; Book 5, Lines 141-142, 145-147)].