Iliad and Odyssey

1825 Words Oct 25th, 1999 8 Pages
The views and beliefs of societies are often portrayed in the literature, art, and cinema of a certain era. The epic poems, The Iliad and Odyssey, give scholars and historians an idea how the Ancient Greek lived their everyday lives. By reading the two "novels," the reader is able to experience the three thousand years old society of Homer. The various similarities between our society and the societies depicted in the Iliad and the Odyssey are surprising profuse. To name a few: the superfluous violence in Iliad and Odyssey, the characterization of Odysseus, the obscure use of narcotics, the similarities between Catholicism and certain stories of the Odyssey, and the role of pets and animals. Despite the numerous similarities, …show more content…
The first time that I noticed the use of narcotics in the Odyssey, was in the country of the Lotus-Eaters. The inhabitants of this country were nice but somewhat odd. They had a bizarre plant that when eaten by seamen; it would quickly cause memory loss and laziness. In our society, there are countless drugs that effect your memory and our will to survive. Usually the people that are using them are nice but somewhat odd. In the homeland of Circe, many of men were turned into swine by the "magical wand" of Circe. Odysseus survived because he had a mysterious herb called "moly," which he received from Hermes. The similarity between the beliefs of Catholicism, the Bible and the "Wandering of Odysseus." I believe, as do many other scholars and student that Odysseus 's encounter with the Sirens as the first series of tests which he must pass to demonstrate that he is worthy of the "rebirth" that he has gone through and the exalted vision he will be granted when he arrives at the Land of Phaeacians. I do not know much about the Catholic religion, but the concept of confessing your sins and then being "cleared" of them seems like the "tests" that Odysseus went through. In book XII, Odysseus experiences the temptation, the crime, and the punishment; a strong resemblance to the story of Adam and Eve. When Odysseus and his men land on the island where Hyperion, the sun God, kept
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