Immanuel Kant Was A Philosopher Born In 1724 And Is Now

1320 WordsApr 4, 20176 Pages
Immanuel Kant was a philosopher born in 1724 and is now considered to be a central figure in philosophy and ethics. He believed that our actions performed from our morals should be based on reason. He created a moral law that argues what should and should not be considered “good” actions. Kant’s article also talks about how our decisions and actions that are performed out of our morals, are the only pure good actions that we make because they are unselfish. He argues this because he believes that out moral duties are performed by reasoning and has nothing do with our emotions. When Kant is speaking of moral law, he is talking about how our will to do something is caused by our sense of obligation, that is encouraged by our personal or…show more content…
But what makes it a good will is the motivation behind it. Why did you give the phone back? Was it because of your morals? Was it because you wanted to feel good about doing a good deed? If it was because of your morals, your sense of duty, then it is in fact a good will. To not be considered a good will, would be because you gave back the phone with the expectation that maybe the person would give you a reward for returning it or because you want to impress others by thinking that you are a good person. If for that reasoning you gave the phone back, it is not good because you did it with selfish intentions. You wanted something out of it instead of just giving the phone back because you know that it was the right thing to do. A good will is completely unselfish in any way and are done out of the fact that you have morals and know what is right and wrong. To continue with good will, a sense of duty is different from inclination. Inclination is a human’s feeling or urge to want to do something. An inclination can be considered good but not morally good, not a good will. Kant believes that acts done from sense of inclination should not be celebrated as a good will or “pure”. An act of inclination cannot be considered moral because they are performed without forethought. For example, if you see someone you care about to get hit by a car and you run and push them out of the way, causing harm to yourself, it is not considered a good will. That act was

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