Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason

1379 WordsJun 21, 20186 Pages
The Transcendental Deductions of the pure concept of the understanding in Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason, in its most general sense, explains how concepts relate a priori to objects in virtue of the fact that the power of knowing an object through representations is known as understanding. According to Kant, the foundation of all knowledge is the self, our own consciousness because without the self, experience is not possible. The purpose of this essay is to lay out Kant’s deduction of the pure concept of understanding and show how our concepts are not just empirical, but concepts a priori. We will walk through Kant’s argument and reasoning as he uncovers each layer of understanding, eventually leading up to the conclusion…show more content…
In order for us to have knowledge, these concepts a priori have to be united, synthesized. Therefore, in general, we need two concepts for knowledge; synthesis and receptivity. Synthesis, as mentioned above, is when we use the data we obtained from senses and unite it together with intuition and receptivity, as defined by Kant “can make knowledge possible only when joined with spontaneity” (52). This spontaneity arises from the threefold synthesis which he lays out for us in the rest of the deduction; the synthesis of apprehension, the synthesis of reproduction, and the synthesis of recognition. In the first part of the threefold synthesis, Kant discusses the role of unity of intuitions. Intuition, as defined before, is a way through which knowledge is formed about the object and through which we think of the object. Thus, all representations of the object as Kant points out are subject to time and each representation, for single moment, can never be anything without absolute unity. Through this idea, the term synthesis of apprehension is refers to the idea that intuition, although offer something manifold, cannot be enough without synthesis as the intuition is contained in one representation. Simply stated, it is through the intuition, which contains a manifold, and this manifold cannot be derived with a single representation. Kant’s argument in this part of
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